The Institutionalization of Social Exclusion in the Structuration of Modern Society (on Example of Drug Addicts)

By Galieva, Evelina R.; Eflova, Maria Yu | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

The Institutionalization of Social Exclusion in the Structuration of Modern Society (on Example of Drug Addicts)


Galieva, Evelina R., Eflova, Maria Yu, Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

In the theory of structuration by E.Giddens continuous interaction of social actors and institutes which form social structure is indicated. Rutinization of individual activity plays a key role in formation of social structure steady elements. Sharing opinion of the American sociologists S. Barli and P. Tolbert (Stephen R. Barley, 1997, p.93), we will note that in the theory of structuration processes of institutionalization are substantially ignored that complicates interpretation of a number of processes. However studying institutionalization processes allows to disclose complexity of social structure and social system mechanisms formation.

Sharing belief of scientists about possibility of studying the discriminated social groups separated from the general social stream through a prism of the social exclusion concept and the theory of structuration, the author in this work realizes own approach, synthesizing concepts of social exclusion (Lenoir R., 1989; Rodgers G., 1995.; de Haan A., 1997), theories of structuration of E. Giddens (Giddens, A., 1984) and concept of institutionalization (6. Stephen R. Barley, Pamela S., 1997, p. 93; Burns T., Flam H., 1987). The Poliparadigmal context of social exclusion allowed to expand gnoseological opportunities of the social exclusion theory and to detail mechanisms and procedures of social exclusion / inclusion.

By means of the institutional analysis complexity of social structure formation mechanisms reveals. Analyzing this phenomenon in the context of the institutionalization theory, the social exclusion can be considered as process of which multilevel social exclusion is result. There are various levels of exclusion, and the social actor can "move" from one level to another during various periods of time. Process of social exclusion, being private process of institutionalization, logically speaks from a position of the institutional theory. Social actions and institutes communicate by means of scenarios realized in acts, program documents, documentary sources of public organizations (for example, programs of re-socialization and so forth) and "are played" in the field of social action.

The model of social exclusion institutionalization can be built in two-dimensional system of coordinates: time and space, and it also have multilevel character. The process of social exclusion institutionalization proceeding from macro-level, fixed at the level of the organizations and in the form of scenarios, the majority of which are stated in regulations, and "falling" by micro-level. "Authors" of scenarios (the schematical action plans for certain temporary conditions) are: legislators (scenarios register in regulations), performers in the organizations (scenarios can be formed both oral, and written, in the form of the defined, fixed behavioral schemes concerning socially excluded individuals and groups). However in the Russian reality, the institutionalization of social inclusion is initiated at the micro-level, according to requirements of the deprived groups and public organizations. Human rights organizations, groups and individuals, not indifferent to problems of socially excluded groups, direct the activity to changing scenarios, for example, by giving legislative, social and social-and-political initiatives. Change of scenarios brings in result to change of key strategy.

There are several approaches which explain process of various levels interrelation. L. Tsuker empirically proves that institutional changes first of all happen at the level of the organizations (Zucker L.G., 1991); S. Barli and P. Tolbert combine neo-institutionalism and the theory of structuration and consider features of institutionalization in the organizations (Tolbert P. S., 1988. p. 101), linguistic aspects of institutionalization are in detail considered by P. Berger and T. Lukman (Berger P., Lukman T., 1995). However an important role in understanding of institutionalization process is played by standard and regulatory and cultural approaches. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

The Institutionalization of Social Exclusion in the Structuration of Modern Society (on Example of Drug Addicts)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.