Public Sports Policy: A Formative Experience for Sports Administrators Based on the Logical Framework Approach

By Barra, Andrea De Oliveira; Silva, Sheila Aparecida Pereira Dos Santos et al. | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, September 2016 | Go to article overview

Public Sports Policy: A Formative Experience for Sports Administrators Based on the Logical Framework Approach


Barra, Andrea De Oliveira, Silva, Sheila Aparecida Pereira Dos Santos, Vitorino, Maria Rachel, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

According to Amabile (2012, p. 390), public policies "are decisions that involve broad public issues and aim to satisfy the collective's interest." Public policies can thus be considered actions, goals, and plans that federal, state, and municipal governments undertake to ensure societal well-being and promote the public interest. Public policies have two functions: to establish social rights and to externalize the planning function of the state (Marrara, 2011).

Mihailescu (2008, p. 24) presents that "the managerial management is a complex process which is realized by many activities, attributions and tasks, determined in a managerial way, which are realized by the people with competences for these actions", wich in this essay is regard to the goverment as described above, and will be deeply discussed as it follows.

Brazil began to consider sports as deserving of government and public policy attention in 1937, with the establishment of the Physical Education Division of the Ministry of Education and Culture, which is today the Ministry of Sports. This agency became even more relevant when Brazil was chosen to host the World Cup in 2014 and the city of Rio de Janeiro was selected to host the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2016, making Brazil only the fourth country ever to consecutively host two major sports events. Based on research on public policy for sports and recreation in Brazil, Bonalume (2010) asserts that studies are scarce and that the field needs more attention from the academic community.

At the international level, academic research has been more consistent and focused on sports systems and policies in different countries, as in studies by Buggel (1986), Coakley (2010), Green and Collins (2008), Houlihan (2002), Riordan (1991), and Sedlacek, Matousek, Holcek and Moravec (1994). Their studies focus on how sports policies are implemented, how responsibility for sports administration is divided among levels of government, why countries succeed or fail in international sports competitions; how sports policies are organized in different countries, and how high-level sports policies are altered in different countries, such as Canada, the United States, and Australia.

The results of this research show that the state of sports administration is precarious, and despite having existed for quite some time as a professional field, sports administration has only recently begun to develop in a scientific manner (Bastos & Mazzei, 2012).

Sports administration consists of the application of concepts and theories of administration and the principles of planning, direction, and control to different aspects of sports (Mazzei, Amaya & da Cunha Bastos, 2013; Rocha & Bastos, 2011). Starting from the application of these principles to the field of sports administration research in Brazil, these studies generally involve creating study groups, improving professional development, and understanding the profiles of professionals in this field, as exemplified by the work of Amaral and Bastos (2015), Filhos et al. (2013), and Azevêdo and Spessoto (2009). These types of studies are extremely important in the area of sports administration and seek to fill gaps in our knowledge of the field; however, they do not seem to be of interest to or be read by professional sports administrators who are active in the public management of sports and recreation. These studies could be read over the course of an administrator's education or as part of ongoing professional development; however, "current practices do not yet seem to reflect a desire on the part of administrators to stay up-to-date or improve their job-related qualifications" (Rocco, Amaral, Bastos & Mazzei, 2015, p. 32).

According to Barbu & Barbu (2011, p. 455), "Management also involves the control of organization activities, members and its staff members so that individuals act according to the interests of the organization and work according to an agreed strategic direction". …

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