Prospects for the Use of Natural Monuments with the Development of New Tourism Destinations in the Region (on the Republic Tatarstan Example)

By Rubtzov, Vladimir A.; Biktimirov, Niyaz M. et al. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Prospects for the Use of Natural Monuments with the Development of New Tourism Destinations in the Region (on the Republic Tatarstan Example)


Rubtzov, Vladimir A., Biktimirov, Niyaz M., Gabdrakhmanov, Niyaz K., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

The development of new forms of tourism, in particular, environmental one (Mocior, E., Kruse, M., 2016, p.137-151; Banos-González, I., Martínez-Fernández, J., Esteve-Selma, M.A., 2016, p. 565-576), which according to various estimates accounts already for 20% of the world market, increases the role and significance of natural environmental objects - the monuments of nature.

Natural monuments are unique or typical, valuable in all respects objects of an animate and inanimate nature, distinguished by the state as a specially protected small area (Gabdrakhmanov N.K., 2014, p. 202-205). These are the small tracts (forest or steppe areas, lakes, rivers, valleys, or part of them), or individual objects (geological outcrops, caves, waterfalls, springs, etc.) The main purpose of the monument of nature - its natural state preservation (Specially protected natural territories of the Republic of Tatarstan, 1994, p. 3).

Natural monuments are usually open to tourists (Rubtzov, V.A., Gabdrakhmanov N.K., Delabarr, O.A., Tyabina, D.V., 2015, p. 669-672). At the same time, they have some visit rules to be observed: move along special paths, stop for the night only at designated bivouac glades, etc. (Boo, E., 1991, p. 4-8).

For violation of the nature management rules, tourists can bear the administrative, financial and criminal responsibility.

Tourists should also report to the press on waterlogging of land, soil erosion, shallowing of rivers and reservoirs, liquidation of recreational forests, lakes and ponds near the settlements (Kolbovskoi E.Iu., 2008, p. 256).

The nature and status of the monument of nature determine the permitted types of use, indicated in the certificate of natural monument. Special protection, providing seasonal and other restrictions, may be introduced for permissible types of its use.

Other rules apply to the state reserves and wildlife sanctuaries.

To visit a state reserve, tourists must first contact the relevant directorate, find out the opportunities for visit and get permission therefor. Traveling within the protected area is possible only in strict accordance with the route determined in the reserve, strictly observing all the established rules of conduct. Reserves are not for mass tourism (Hernández, J.M., Suárez-Vega, R., Santana-Jiménez, Y., 2016, p. 43-57; Pyke, S., Hartwell, H., Blake, A., Hemingway, A., 2016, p.94-105).

Visiting the wildlife sanctuaries also requires approval of the route ant time of visit by the relevant environmental organizations.

Natural objects are declared natural monuments of federal importance of the Russian Federation. They are federal property and are under the responsibility of the federal authorities. Natural monuments of federal importance account for 28, with a total area of 34.3 thous. ha.

But the most common are regional natural monuments, which account for more than 9 thousand in the territory of Russia, with total area of 4.15 million ha (Gaisin I.T., Rafikova F.Z., Drochneva G.A., 2007, p.34).

Thus, natural monuments have a high tourist and recreational potential in Russia as a whole and in many of its regions. This potential is rather poorly used today.

METHODS

In this paper, we used the method of system-structural analysis, the comparative analytical and statistical methods.

A detailed study of monuments of nature requires studying the materials of the conference "Specially protected natural areas of the Republic of Tatarstan", the state report, and reviewing the works by Russian and foreign scientists.

RESULTS

The Republic of Tatarstan has 155 natural sites officially protected by the state. 132 natural sites have been declared natural monuments, 31 of them are botanical, 8 zoological, 11 geological, 11 integrated and 64 water objects, including 33 lakes with a total water surface area of 446.59 ha and 29 small rivers with a total length of 3004.9 km, and 2 springs. …

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