Reflection on the Phenomenon of Contemporary Philosophy as the Methodological Base of Social Sciences

By Tereschenko, Natalia A.; Snarskaya, Ekaterina, V | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Reflection on the Phenomenon of Contemporary Philosophy as the Methodological Base of Social Sciences


Tereschenko, Natalia A., Snarskaya, Ekaterina, V, Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

The subject of investigation is the philosophy in a situation of homogenization of the conditions of its existence. One can formulate the question differently: is the modern philosophy totally inherently bourgeois or there is the opportunity to go beyond the uniqueness of its social, ideological and methodological constructions.

We proceed from the fact that the existence of philosophy meant the fundamental dialogueness that was expressed in different variants: materialism / idealism, the secular / religious, the rationalist / irrationalist, etc. This dialogueness can be represented as an expression of the principle of falsification in philosophy, which is an evidence of its deep theoretical nature if not its being scientific. From our point of view, only when preserving the polyphonic context of philosophizing and its results, one can talk about philosophy in its current state.

METHODS

The initial methodology is the methodology of Marx, that is, the dialectical materialist interpretation of the principle of historicism.

DISCUSSION

We will refer to bourgeois as the specific orientation of theoretical thinking which has developed in Europe since the 17th century. We will start with the Marxist thesis: who possesses the means of the material production, possesses the means of the mental production. So, in total domination of the bourgeois relations all spiritual (already - theoretical) products, including philosophy, by definition, will bear the imprint of bourgeoisness. But what should influence the philosophy it not to become bourgeois totally, but go beyond the concrete world vision and appropinquate to the universality, not only pretend to it? Can philosophy today recognize an unfinished process of anthropo-socio-culture-genesis and, therefore, admit the possibility of the outsidedness point in relation to the existing social circumstances, that is, can it be non-bourgeois? Otherwise, we can really suggest the end of philosophy in logic, which Fukuyama suggests the "end of history" in. And finally, is there a possibility for philosophy in its original split to act as a methodology of social cognition?

These issues are the consequence of the recognition of a total point of view, which we conventionally call the adoption of the bourgeois principles and standards of thinking. The definition of philosophy as a private discourse claiming the status of universality, which is so popular in the postmodern discourse, is a tacit acceptance of that there is a certain common line that does not imply a different optics of appreciation of the world.

It is obvious that this issue cannot be resolved from any anthropological position, because we are not faced with the non-historical "man in general", who is no less abstraction than "a person", "an individual" or "a representative of a class". A concrete socio-historical personage acts in the society. "Man in general" is a fiction. It is impossible to find him in the logic of elementarization.

Then the possibility of philosophy's going into a horizon of universality is connected not with the ability to accept the standpoint of "man in general", but with the ability to see the difference of a single and a unique in the genetic antinomy. But as soon as the theory (including the philosophical one) begins to see itself as a unique and a universal, or as soon as we appeal, on the contrary, to infinity of distinction, we find the risk of death of the philosophy, which will be shown in its embourgeoisement in a particular historical event.

Philosophy has always developed in a polemical and dialogic situation. At the turn of XVIII-XIX centuries, it resulted in the polarization of positions between materialism and idealism. When this dichotomy soon displayed its ultimate, another dichotomy became necessary: for example, national - transnational, although philosophy runs away from this national specificity and clings to the transnational nature of the scientific (philosophical) thinking. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Reflection on the Phenomenon of Contemporary Philosophy as the Methodological Base of Social Sciences
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.