Sports Activity as a Factor Contributing to Social Adaptation of Students

By Kalina, Irina G.; Golubev, Aleksandr I. et al. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Sports Activity as a Factor Contributing to Social Adaptation of Students


Kalina, Irina G., Golubev, Aleksandr I., Aidarov, Rustam A., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

While studying at the university, that is during professional training, the student must acquire a range of knowledge and skills, without which its further activity is impossible in the chosen profession, and in addition - form some socially important personal qualities and abilities that contribute to the maturity of the graduate. These include an ability to manage new social roles, make quick decisions and take responsibility for them; the skills of effective interaction with colleagues on the basis of generally accepted norms and rules, and readiness for lifelong self-education; the awareness of the importance of a healthy lifestyle for a successful selfrealization in the society, and the immunity to the harmful social phenomena such as drug addiction, alcoholism, etc. (Andreeva D.A., 1973, p. 62; Dmitrieva M.S., 1970, p. 44).

Education at high education institution should be regarded as the initial stage of professional adaptation. Therefore, the modern system of higher education must provide not only the transfer of certain knowledge, but also the formation of a specialist able to adapt to constantly changing conditions of the social environment and social activities (Ponomarev A.V., 2007, p. 42; Shamsutdinova A.V., 2010, p. 55).

One of the most effective factors contributing to the social adaptation of students to training conditions at high school, and developing the ability of a future specialist to quickly adapt in society, is the physical and sports activities conducted by the university during classes in physical education and after classes. It creates a favorable environment for effective integration of freshmen into the new student body, a new educational life much different from the previous, school life (in style, requirements, content, and teaching methods, in the interactions of the individual with the environment).

Today, sports activities more and more become a part of the daily life of the population, receive mass recognition and development, become popular among young people. Physical exercise are effectively used in the work and rest of people, become real and effective basis for improvement of health, quality of life, and human self-improvement.

Physical education in general has a fairly wide and varied palette of pedagogical and social effects. A significant number of scientific papers (Balsevich V.K., 1995, p. 2; Vilenskii M.Ia., 1996, p. 27; Lubysheva L.I., 1996, p. 11) describe in details the means of physical culture, sport and tourism from the recreational, developmental, and educative perspective. They are represented also in terms of the need of a person for adaptation to new environmental conditions of life, comprehensive preparation for production activities, and performance of biological functions (Berg G. A., 1989, p. 607; Hemes G., 1976, p. 513; Marvin J. Westwood, Michelle Barker, accessed may 2016; Saleem Odeh AlZboon, 2013, p. 63; Xiaoyan Li., 2014, p. 813). We should not forget that physical exercise is a sphere of activity, where there is an active adaptation of the individual to the social environment conditions, that is, the social adaptation (for students - an adaptation to the new high school environment). In the course of sports activity, the students are involved in public life, develop their experience in social relations and the leadership qualities, hone their organizational skills. Here they expand their circle of contacts and develop a number of positive moral and strong-willed personality traits such as sense of purpose, determination, responsibility, etc.

Therefore, the activation of mental and creative components of the student's individual at high school should be in parallel with the stimulation of its motor activity.

The objectives of this study included a more detailed definition of the role of physical education in the promotion of social adaptation of students to educational activity in the high school environment. …

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