Essentially-Content Characteristics of the Concept "Anti-Corruption Culture of Higher School Students"

By Khamdeev, Aidar R.; Gadylshina, Zuhra I. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Essentially-Content Characteristics of the Concept "Anti-Corruption Culture of Higher School Students"


Khamdeev, Aidar R., Gadylshina, Zuhra I., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

Corruption today is one of the main problems of the state. This problem appeared not today and not yesterday. The world-class scientists have proven corruption belonging to one of the problems arising from the emergence of the relationships between people.

The main factors contributing to the appearance of corruption are: the quality of regulation; the absence of economic competition; the structure of government; decentralization; gender factor (Alatas, V., Cameron, L., Chaudhuri, A., Erkal, N., & Gangadharan, L., 2008); culture, etc. (Abbink, K., 2006). Indeed, these factors are of great importance in emerging corruption, in manifesting and fighting against corruption.

From our point of view, of all the factors we would like to single out one but very important. This is an anti-corruption culture. The importance of this factor lies in the fact that this factor is not taken into account in implementing the government programs aimed at corruption eradication. Accordingly, without the implementation of programs, for example, the educational programs that focus on the formation of an anti-corruption culture of students, it defeats the purpose of the implementation of all public policies that seek to combat corruption. Human culture should come first. In this regard, we would like to contribute our share and expand a little the cognitive framework of anti-corruption policy of the state by conducting research on identifying the essence-content characteristics of the concept of "anti-corruption culture of the students of higher school". By the time of completion of this study, the meaningful characteristic of the concept "anti-corruption culture of the higher school student" has been fully disclosed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Revelation of the content characteristics requested a complete analysis of generalizations of the various scientific papers on the subject. Among them, in particular, much attention is paid to national and international research in the field of psycho-pedagogical sciences, sociology, economics, political science, constitutional, administrative and civil law, criminology. In terms of these studies, we found important ideas in the context of the topic.

Productive in of scientific and theoretical terms are the works related to anti-corruption policy of Russia and the formation of sense of justice as a basic condition for deinstitutionalization of corruption relationships. In this connection it is appropriate to mention V. V. Astanin, I. R. Akhmetzyanov, S. V. Maksimov, S. S. Sulakshin, S. N. Shishkarev (Astanin V. V., 2009; Sulakshin S. S., Maksimov S. V., Akhmetzyanov I. R., 2009; Shishkarev S. N., 2010).

Of big general theoretical and methodological significance were the research papers on the role of civil society in the fight against corruption by Y. V. Golik, V. I. Karasev, A. V. Malko, A. Y. Sungurov (Golik Y. V., Karasev V. I., 2005; A. Y. Sungurov., 2000).

RESULTS

Based on this, further we consider the essentially meaningful characterization of the concept "the formation of anti-corruption culture of higher school students". The problem of corruption (from Lat. corruption - bribery, which actually means "destruction" and "violation") has today acquired a mass character and affected all spheres of social life. Moreover, the essence of corruption is not so much in the bribery or venality of the officials from the public sector as in the degradation and decay of a particular social system, including the system of state power. There are different approaches in the understanding of corruption. Some researchers characterize it as a criminal offense, while others - as a criminological phenomenon (Jain, Arvind K., 2001).

In the system of higher education, corruption is presented as one of the crimes, which is manifested in the environment of subjects endowed with governmental authority, - that is, the receipt in violation of the legal order by a person who was in the government or public service of advantages for committing a legal action (or inaction) in office. …

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