The OG and Th Versions of Daniel
Meadowcroft, Tim, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society
The OG and Th Versions of Daniel. By Tim McLay. Septuagint and Cognate Studies 43. Atlanta: Scholars, 1996, xvii + 286 pp., $39.95.
In this revision of a University of Durham thesis (1994), McLay examines the relationship to one another of the Theodotion and Old Greek (OG) versions of Daniel. The translation technique of each version is examined and the findings applied to discussion on the nature of the links between the two versions. Related textcritical comments are also made on the MT. A final chapter examines Theodotion's relationship to kaige in l:ight of the kaige characteristics delineated by a number of key scholars.
Conclusions on the links between versions are based on a close study of four key passages: 1:1-10, 2:1-10, 3:11-20 and 12:1-13. Each is analyzed in terms of morphology, syntax and lexicology. McLay concludes that the translator of Theodotion worked independently of the OG. In making the case, he argues that apparent dependence of one translation on another is more likely to be explicable in transmissionhistory terms. While working from Ziegler's critical edition, McLay reconstructs a critical text of OG using more recently available papyrus 967 evidence. The analysis of the four passages, which makes up the bulk of the thesis, is generally well done and the conclusions convincing. Although he does not address the question directly, the author endorses the conclusion of Albertz in Der Gott des Daniel that a different hand is responsible for the OG translation of Daniel 4-6, and provides much useful raw material for further study of that question. …