Military Tunes to Virtual Classroom

By Brower, J. Michael | National Defense, November 1999 | Go to article overview

Military Tunes to Virtual Classroom


Brower, J. Michael, National Defense


High-tech suppliers to set up global distance learning systems

The potential for saving billions of dollars while improving training for military service members is the driving force behind the Pentagon's $800 million investment in so-called distance learning programs during the next five years. Distance learning-the ability to train and teach from remote sites using computers-is increasingly becoming more popular at the Defense Department, officials said. This trend, additionally, is resulting in a growing number of partnerships between government agencies and industry suppliers-joint ventures aimed at developing new solutions to the challenges of creating classrooms in cyberspace.

The Defense Department's approach to distance learning is part of a project called Advanced Distributive Learning (ADL) initiative.

ADL makes "learning available to the total force," said Michael A. Parmentier, director of readiness and training for policy programs at the Defense Department. It creates an "open forum for broad public and private collaboration among defense, federal agencies, technology suppliers, private businesses, national workforces," he told a conference earlier this year sponsored by the Defense Modeling and Simulation Office.

Up to 30 percent in cost savings could be achieved from ADL, "while satisfying education and training requirements," said Parmentier. Those savings would result from "leveraging private sector intellectual and financial investments" and the application of industry standards and courseware. The goal, he explained is to "avoid reengineering learning content every time the [computer] platform changes."

One industry player in this effort is Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), a major defense contractor. The firm has developed distance learning systems for government agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Education. Part of the technology underpinning ADL is the software that makes it possible to "re-use" learning objects known as Sharable Content Objects (SCOs), explained Raye Newmen, director of human performance at SAIC New Media Systems, Vienna, Va. The SCOs "are encapsulated instructional units that teach at least one instructional objective using a particular learning strategy, media, and evaluation method," said Newmen.

SCOs are tagged with a rich set of data fields containing comprehensive information about the object. He believes that SCOs designed with the new generation of intelligent tools will enable subject matter experts to develop "virtual schoolhouses" for the Defense Department. Once identified, germane SCOs could be strung together to create lessons and entire courses.

Newmen currently is writing an ADL handbook for the Air Force. The company also is the prime contractor working on the Army ADL structure. It is, additionally, assisting the Navy with a distance learning program. The Navy's IT-21 programusing commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products for information systems-has given the Navy an ability to field an interim ADL operational capability by January 2000.

But despite the growing emphasis on distance learning, Newman believes that the "organizational impact of distance learning is being neglected ... Organizational structures have been slow to accommodate the potentials of the new educational technology.

Commercial Technology

"With reduced manning and increased operational tempo, today's warfighter can't afford much time away from duty in the traditional classroom, while the increased speed of technological evolution requires more and more training," said Air Force Gen. John H. Campbell, vice director of the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA).

"Distance learning capabilities extend to the bases, posts and stations or forward to deployed forces," he said in an interview, "Just-in-time training permits training in place, immediate performance enhancement, and increased readiness. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Military Tunes to Virtual Classroom
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.