Funding Education: Proposed Cuts in Graduate Aid Could Shortchange Minorities

By Phillip, Mary-Christine | Black Issues in Higher Education, July 13, 1995 | Go to article overview

Funding Education: Proposed Cuts in Graduate Aid Could Shortchange Minorities


Phillip, Mary-Christine, Black Issues in Higher Education


Funding Education: Proposed Cuts In Graduate Aid Could Shortchange. Minorities

WASHINGTON -- The unprecedented partnership between the federal government and the university community is over. As budget-cutting politicians rail against everything from affirmative action to student aid, higher education institutions are facing their biggest financial challenge in nearly half a century.

Alarmed administrators, whose institutions once received carte blanche treatment, are now scrambling for ways to salvage, at least in part, some of the federal dollars they once pocketed for graduate programs and research projects. The Clinton administration and the Republican-controlled Congress have made it clear they will not support them in the manner to which they have grown accustomed.

That said, administrators and students are lobbying hard in Washington for survival of their institutions, programs and aid packages. On Capitol Hill a few weeks ago, incoming Howard University President H. Patrick Swygert was cajoling lawmakers in an effort to stave off threatened federal funding reductions to his institution as a whole. Howard, the nation's largest producer of African Americans with Ph.D.s, is beholden to Congress for 55 percent of its budget, and that does not include money for graduate programs.

Although there is much uncertainty about what programs will be funded or phased out by the federal budget-cutters, one thing is certain: The cash flow will never be the same as it was during the Cold War era, when federal support for education was at its zenith.

As the Cold War with the Soviet Union intensified, it was research and scholarship for universities that propelled the United States into world leadership. Now that the war is over, politicians are no longer interested in "business as usual" with such institutions. In fact, some are complaining that there are too many people with Ph.D.s when they talk about "unfairness" and "entitlements."

What the rhetoric boils down to is attempts to deny access to scores of people who look forward to some of these graduate programs to advance their careers, asserts Charles U. Smith, dean of graduate studies at Florida A&M University. He summed up federal budget-reductions talks as being "up in the air, with one side threatening to cut here, and another there." Some of these programs, he says, survived the Reagan-Bush era and now, "even President Clinton, unfortunately, feels the need to yield to the Republicans and Newt Gingrich" and go along with proposed cuts.

"Many people don't want Black people to have graduate education," says Smith. "They think that it is almost too much for them to get through K-12. It all ties in with the affirmative action debate. There are all kinds of agendas operating in this budget. Some of those guys are against anything that supports poor people and Black people."

On the Chopping Block

According to the Council for Graduate Schools, federal support for equal access to higher education extends to graduate and undergraduate level. The graduate programs fall under the aegis of Title IX, which provides fellowships and scholarships to underrepresented minorities for careers in research and teaching, and in the arts and humanities.

Stability and financial support is especially important in these programs because of the demands research place on students. As anyone in graduate study would admit, individual commitment to such work requires scholarly preparation beginning at the undergraduate level and continuing to advanced programs that can last up to 10 years. Fellowships and scholarships not only reduce loan dependency, but they help to create incentives to enter into certain careers.

Some of the graduate programs slated to be shaved or shelved include the Patricia Roberts Harris Fellowships, the Jacob Javits Fellows, the Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need (GAANN), and the Faculty Development Fellowship program. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Funding Education: Proposed Cuts in Graduate Aid Could Shortchange Minorities
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.