Handbook for Conducting Drug Abuse Research with Hispanic Populations

By Acevedo, Gregory | Contemporary Drug Problems, Fall 2003 | Go to article overview

Handbook for Conducting Drug Abuse Research with Hispanic Populations


Acevedo, Gregory, Contemporary Drug Problems


Handbook for Conducting Drug Abuse Research with Hispanic Populations, by Robert C. Freeman, Yvonne P. Lewis, and Hector Manuel Colon (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002), 368 pp., $72 (cloth only).

One of the primary goals of drug abuse research is to predict outcomes such as "addiction" while controlling for individual or group differences. The identification of "risk and protective factors" attracts much scientific attention, and one assumes that ultimately this knowledge improves prevention and treatment efforts. The investigation of drug abuse among Latinos requires an especially nuanced conceptual and methodological framework that appropriately models a number of dimensions that determine within- and between-group variation. Drug type, socioeconomic status, educational attainment, Englishlanguage proficiency, national origin, race, gender, community characteristics, and acculturation level may all be determinants of drug abuse among Hispanics.

Acculturation is the level of cultural "assimilation" or incorporation of an individual to a "foreign" or receiving society; it is central to many studies of drug abuse among Latinos. The experience of transitioning into a new culture may lead to "acculturation stress": social and psychological stress associated with the challenges of immigration, such as lower socioeconomic status, new social expectations, loss of ethnic identity, and intergenerational family conflict. Acculturation influences socialization, social support networks, and protective factors.

To contend with issues of demographic diversity and acculturation, drug abuse research with Latinos inevitably must utilize multilevel models that can account for personallevel variables (i.e., behavior, biology and neurobiology) and also include cultural and environmental variables that may lead to systematic differences (e.g., socioeconomic status).

One of the most sophisticated models of how Latino cultural adaptation influences drug abuse, and health behavior in general, can be found in the work of Vega and Gil (1999). This model seeks to account for observed differences in health outcomes between native-born Latino adolescents and immigrant Hispanic adolescents. The model sorts factors into five categories: "context of exit," accounting for the family's developmental stage and circumstances prior to exit; "immigration experience," concerning the family's circumstances encountered upon exit and entrance; "acculturation process" and "acculturation stress" as experienced by the parents and children, and influenced by each family member's individual level of assimilation; "segmented assimilation" of family members into the local environment-for example, local housing and labor markets and school systems; and "family stress" resulting from loss of traditional family customs, acculturation stress, and changing family roles.

De La Rosa (2002) also developed a model that accounts for the influence of acculturation on Latino adolescent drug behavior. The outcomes in the model are alcohol, cigarette, and illicit substance abuse. It centers on a typology of cultural identity that contrasts the relative weight "Latino" and "American" cultural influences might have on a Hispanic youth. Latino adolescents can have a cultural identity that is "low Latino-low American," "low Latino-high American," "high Latino-low American," or "high Latino-high American." The model includes a host of mitigating factors that determine the level of "acculturation stress" experienced by Hispanic adolescents. These mitigating influences are "individual factors and characteristics" (for example, skin color, tolerance for change, and previous contact with American culture); "family factors," including economic conditions and family members' previous contact with American culture; and the "community environment," which is affected by school conditions, economic opportunities, crime level, and cultural orientation. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Handbook for Conducting Drug Abuse Research with Hispanic Populations
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.