NATO War Crime Arrests Picking Up Speed

By Kennedy, Harold | National Defense, June 2000 | Go to article overview

NATO War Crime Arrests Picking Up Speed


Kennedy, Harold, National Defense


Message from U.S. and allies to Milosevic and his troops: 'The net is closing'

At 3 a.m., one cold morning this spring, in the Bosnian mountain resort town of Pale, black-masked French commandos blew open the front door of Momcilo Krajisnik, a senior Bosnian Serb politician who had been secretly indicted for war crimes.

As French snipers provided cover, Krajisnik was arrested and whisked away to a waiting U.S. Air Force C-130. Within hours, he was in jail at the Hague, Netherlands, awaiting trial before the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTFY).

U.S. and NATO leaders were elated. Krajisnik--a close ally of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic--was the most important of 39 war crimes suspects now in custody. He is charged with helping to organize the massacre of thousands of Bosnian Muslims and Croats and the forced exile of hundreds of thousands more during the 1992-95 conflict, which followed the secession of Bosnia from the federal republic of Yugoslavia.

NATO Secretary General George Robertson hailed the arrest as "a very powerful message to those [indicted war criminals] who still have not given themselves up. And the lesson is this: The net is closing."

Kradzic, Bosnian Serb wartime military commander Ratko Maldic and Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic--also indicted by the tribunal--"have to realize that the net is not going to stop closing until all of them have faced justice at the Hague," Robertson warned. The U.S. government has offered a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to the apprehension of the three, "or any other person indicted by the international tribunal."

In all, the tribunal has issued public indictments against 94 individuals accused of committing war crimes in Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo. Of those indicted, 14 Serbs, Muslims and Croats have been convicted. Another 18 have had charges dropped. A total of 27 remain at large, even though NATO peacekeeping forces in Bosnia and Kosovo, including U.S. troops, are mandated to arrest indicted war criminals.

In addition to those publicly indicted, the tribunal has issued sealed, or secret, indictments against an unknown number of suspects. Tribunal Chief Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte is finding the sealed indictments increasingly useful, prosecutor spokesman Paul Risley told National Defense.

Too often, he said, when indictments are made public, suspects flee to safe havens, such as Serbia, or surround themselves with heavily armed guards. This makes it difficult for NATO forces to arrest them without risking casualties and undermining the fragile peace in the region.

"The sealed indictments really work," Risley said. "The suspects have no idea that they're wanted."

Founding a Court

The Yugoslav tribunal was established by the U.N. Security Council in 1993, following reports of wartime atrocities in Croatia and Bosnia. The council placed the Yugoslav tribunal in the Hague, which is the seat of the International Court of Justice, the U.N.'s a principal judicial organ. A similar court, operating in Tanzania, is investigating cases from the genocide in neighboring Rwanda.

The two tribunals are the first war crimes courts since the end of World War II, when former Nazis were tried at Nuremberg, Germany, and Japanese leaders were prosecuted in Tokyo.

The new tribunals, however, are different. The post-World War II trials were imposed by the victors upon the vanquished. The two new courts are the first international effort to prosecute war criminals. The mod ern tribunals are authorized to prosecute four clusters of offenses:

* Grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, which forbid mistreatment of prisoners of war and civilians.

* Violations of the laws or customs of war, such as wanton destruction, looting and causing unnecessary suffering.

* Genocide, which includes any effort to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

NATO War Crime Arrests Picking Up Speed
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.