Integrating Research into the Culture of Allied Health Professions: The Background and a Review of Issues in the United Kingdom

By Wrightson, Pat A.; Cross, Vinette E. M. | Journal of Allied Health, Summer 2004 | Go to article overview

Integrating Research into the Culture of Allied Health Professions: The Background and a Review of Issues in the United Kingdom


Wrightson, Pat A., Cross, Vinette E. M., Journal of Allied Health


This article reviews the challenges and barriers to change associated with development of a research culture in allied health professions within the higher education sector. We address the cultural upheaval and alterations in ways of working experienced by higher education and the health professions in recent times as a result of government policy as it applies to education and the National Health Service in the United Kingdom. Cooperation between higher education and the National Health Service in developing a culture of research in the health professions is fundamental to achieving evidence-based practice in health care. Improving research capability is hampered, however, by lack of funding and institutional barriers to change and barriers within individuals. Engendering a sense of identity and ownership in relation to change and a strategic approach to the next Research Assessment Exercise are essential if allied health professional programs are to survive within higher education. J Allied Health. 2004; 33:132-138.

HEALTH CARE AND higher education, as major areas of British government funding, became prime targets of . . . reform during the 1980s and . . . 1990s. Those workers involved in both sectors, therefore, have experienced a continual revolution over this period which they will have found exciting, threatening and tiresome in varying measure. . . .1

In the United Kingdom, the 1990s witnessed the transfer of many allied health professions, such as occupational therapy and physiotherapy, into the higher education sector. With a past deeply rooted in National Health Service culture, with an emphasis on vocational training and apprenticeship, transition into higher education has not always been easy, particularly for those allied health professionals entering "old" universities. Nevertheless, educators within the professions face a twofold responsibility. On the one hand, they must provide preregistration and postregistration education compatible with health service priorities, as outlined in successive government policies. On the other hand, they must be seen to support and meet the expectations for research and scholarship within the academic community of which they have strived to be a part.

The 1990s also were a period of profound change for universities, requiring cultural upheaval and alterations to traditional ways of working:

The recent changes to higher education, arguably as dramatic as any that have occurred in the whole history of the university, have led to a repositioning of higher education in society . . . this . . . has been policy driven with governments demand- ing higher education modernize itself and align itself to the economic needs of the contemporary nation state.2

As universities and the health professions within the United Kingdom traverse the straits of transition into the 21st century, the research challenge provides a common focus for effort. For the former, establishment of new and sustainable research partnerships with external organizations is an increasingly powerful theme in government funding arrangements.3 For the latter, universities are now the only place where funded, curiosity-driven research about professional practice can be done.4

Engendeting a passion arid capacity for research within the allied health professions is an institutional and an individual responsibility. This article has two sections. The first section focuses on changes in higher education and the National Health Service in the United Kingdom and the implications of these changes for the new communities of health professional academics within the higher education sector, in terms of research and development. The second section focuses on some of the institutional and individual barriers to successful integration of research into the cultural perspectives of allied health professions, using physiotherapy as an example.

Changes in Higher Education and the National Health Service

There were four main aspects of changes in higher education in the United Kingdom in the 1990s,5 as follows:

Increased size and diversity of the student population

Increased expectations of quality by stakeholders

Greater accountability of academic functions (e. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Integrating Research into the Culture of Allied Health Professions: The Background and a Review of Issues in the United Kingdom
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.