Air Defense Systems
In July 2003, the Program Executive Office (PEO) Air and Missile Defense's mission was expanded to include Army space programs, and the PEO was renamed the U.S. Army Program Executive Office, Air, Space and Missile Defense (PEO ASMD).
PEO ASMD is responsible for the management, acquisition, and fielding of landbased air and cruise missile defense systems, including short-range air defense (SHORAD), medium extended air defense system (MEADS), Patriot/PAC-3, joint tactical ground station (JTAGS), joint land attack missile defense elevated netted sensors (JLENS), and the Army's tactical exploitation of national capabilities program (TENCAP).
Today's Stinger-based SHORAD forces are highly déployable and provide the shoot-on-the-move capability and mobility necessary to support the maneuver force. The SHORAD system has four basic components: missiles, launch platforms, Sentinel radars and the forward area air defense command control system (FAAD C^sup 2^) tactical operations center (TOC).
SHORAD is transforming from a system-centric Current Force capability to a capabilities-centric Future Force, enhanced area air defense system (EAADS). The EAADS capability is envisioned to be a mix of kinetic and directed energy systems capable of overmatching traditional air and cruise missile defense threats and the evolving rockets, artillery and mortar (RAM) threats. The current overarching air and missile defense (AMD) architecture consists of launchers, missiles, sensors and battle management command and control, communications and computer intelligence (BMC4I) from a number of different Army and joint systems. The EAADS capability will fight side-by-side with the current Stinger-based force and incrementally replace Stinger-based systems. This capability provides an order of magnitude increase in battlespace available against cruise missiles (CMs), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and fixed-wing (FW) and rotary-wing (RW) aircraft over the current Stinger-based systems (MANPADS, Avenger and Linebacker). The critical initial EAADS Block I capability will be achieved through the deployment and integration of surface launched AMRAAM (SLAMRAAM) systems, Sentinel (ETRAC) augmented by other necessary sensors and BMC4I. SLAMRAAM, a unit of employment (UE) asset, will be task-force organized to the unit of action (UA) as an integrated weapon system (launcher, organic sensor, and BMC^sup 4^I). SLAMRAAM's capability-centric system will allow the use of external data sources to assist in developing a single integrated air picture/ground picture (SIAP/SIGP) network interoperability with all AMD systems and the Future Combat Systems (PCS) battle management network.
Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM), is a net-centric Block I of EAADS extended-range capability in support of the Future Force. Critical initial EAADS Block I capabilities will be achieved with the SLAMRAAM system of systems through the development of a fire unit and BMC4I/integrated fire-control station (IFCS); integration of Sentinel enhanced target range and classification (ETRAC) and joint land attack cruise missile defense elevated network sensor (JLENS); and AMRAAM missile. The SLAMRAAM BMC4I will be fully integrated and compatible with Army AMD and the Future Combat System (FCS) networks. SLAMRAAM provides a critical overmatch capability against the rapidly evolving CM, UAV, FW and RW.
The AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel is an advanced, three dimensional, battlefield X-band air defense phased-array radar with an acquisition range of 40 km. Sentinel transmits its radar imagery to the FAAD C^sup 2^ via radio frequency link. Sentinel is being upgraded to the ETRAC configuration that doubles its range and will integrate with future AMD BMC^sup 4^I via SLAMRAAM.
Envisioned as an Army "inner tier" capability for EAADS, the Mobile Tactical High Energy Laser (MTHEL) program will develop the first mobile directed energy weapon system capable of acquiring, tracking, engaging and destroying air-tosurface munitions, CM, UAV, RAM projec tiles and surface-launched ballistic missiles. …