Teh New Internet Filtering Legislation

By Ardito, Stephanie C. | Information Today, June 2001 | Go to article overview

Teh New Internet Filtering Legislation


Ardito, Stephanie C., Information Today


Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.-The Constitution of the United States of America, Amendment I, 1791

When I was 10 years old, I became curious about sex. My parents endured a barrage of questions that often occurred during dinner. My dad would blanch and leave the table after telling me to talk to my mother. My mother would draw diagrams of the human anatomy, usually stick figures with the parts under discussion greatly exaggerated. As the subject continued to baffle me, my mother decided I needed to read a book.

We went to the local public library where the librarian pulled out a key from a locked desk drawer. She proceeded to unlock a glass bookcase behind the circulation desk and retrieved a title suitable for my age. We checked the book out and went home. I read it in one sitting. Curiosity sated, I resumed playing with my Barbie dolls.

Eight years later, I started my first public library job. When I saw a similarly locked bookcase and asked the library director what was behind the door, I instantly recalled my childhood experience. He opened the cabinet and, to my consternation, not only was the library's collection of anatomy books locked up, but so were Catcher in the Rye, Huckleberry Finn, and Ulysses.

There's a connection between these early memories and the recently passed filtering legislation. For me, they recall a time I thought had long since gone by. The government has succeeded in passing a law that violates the public's First Amendment rights of free speech. Unless we become fierce opponents of this legislation, censorship may forcibly return.

Children's Internet Protection Act Late last year, Information Today reported on the filtering bill in a NewsBreaks Weekly News Digest (http://www.infoto day.com/newsbreaks/wnd001226.htm). On December 15,2000, Congress approved legislation mandating that schools and libraries receiving federal funds to purchase technology for Internet access must install software that filters or blocks "objectionable" material (H.R. 4577). President Clinton signed the bill into law on December 21, 2000 (Public Law 106-554; http://thomas .Ioc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d106:HR4577); the law became effective on April 20, 2001.

If the targeted institutions don't implement an Internet safety policy or install filtering technology, the law restricts the use of federal funding made available through the Library Services and Technology Act, Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the Universal Service discount program known as the E-rate (a federal funding program to promote universal Internet access). If libraries comply with the law, children and adults will be prevented from viewing Internet sites that contain material meeting the legal definition of obscenity.

Specifically, the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) mandates that school and public libraries install "technology protection measures" that block or filter "Internet access to visual depictions that are (A) obscene, as that term is defined in section 1460 of title 18, United States Code; (B) child pornography, as that term is defined in section 2256 of title 18, United States Code; or (C) harmful to minors." "Harmful to minors" refers to "any picture, image, graphic image file, or other visual depiction that (A) taken as a whole and with respect to minors, appeals to a prurient interest in nudity, sex, or excretion; (B) depicts, describes, or represents, in a patently offensive way with respect to what is suitable for minors, an actual or simulated sexual act or sexual contact, actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual acts, or a lewd exhibition of the genitals; and (C) taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value as to minors. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Teh New Internet Filtering Legislation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.