Business Environment Conservation

By Hoggett, Jim | Review - Institute of Public Affairs, December 2004 | Go to article overview

Business Environment Conservation


Hoggett, Jim, Review - Institute of Public Affairs


ONE of the regular penpherals' or election campaigns featured again in 2004. The major parties both recognized the need for a strong business sector for the continuing vitality of the Australian economy-particularly small business. But unlike the natural environment, which is subject to endless agonizing scrutiny, the business environment receives scant attention.

Although the economic news is currently good, it is an excellent time to review the broader business environment.

So what is the environment that governments have created for business in Australia? What is the environment they have created for those starting out on the risky path of new business? What lurks behind all the official programmes designed to advise and assist those brave or foolish enough to enter the competitive race?

A hard look at the facts leaves one abiding impression: that governments in Australia are both actively and passively hostile to business.

THE TECHNIQUES OF OPPRESSION

Over recent decades, governments have adopted and adapted a series of techniques to oppress business. Some of the techniques are deliberate and others are the outcome of policies designed for other purposes. The techniques include:

* Overt and hidden taxes;

* Mandated expenditures;

* Mandated activity;

* Resource and property confiscation; and

* Impossibly detailed and/or discriminatory regulation.

The examples are numerous.

More Tax

The GST is the classic new tax that was designed to substitute for other taxes. But apart from a few, it has not done much either at the Commonwealth or the State level.

The superannuation levy is a tax under another name. For companies, it is a compulsory payment (tax) made to private-sector tax 'farmers' (superannuation funds). For most retirees it will do little more than substitute for the public pension. The supreme irony was that, having set up this new levy, the government then introduced new taxes on super. They forced people to save for the future then confiscated a significant part of those savings.

The various workcover schemes fall into the same category, as do compulsory insurances for public and product liability. Do we really need $20 million of public and product liability insurance to set up a market stall?

More Costs

Mandated expenditures are a cunning way of financing government policies while keeping the cost out of the public budget. An example is the compulsory courses which farmers must attend and pay for to certify them to use agricultural chemicals-something they have been doing for many decades by reading the instructions on the package. The courses are provided by third parties and thus never appear as government impositions. Various supplementary compulsory trades certificates for plumbers, builders, etc., are in the same category.

More Blackmail

Mandated activities usually come in the form of 1If you want to do A, you must do B'. So, if you want to put up a building, you may have to provide facilities in it that are unrelated to your business. Or, if you want to clear 20 trees, you may have to plant 200. A company exerting this sort of leverage would be accused of third line forcing (blackmail) under s.47 of the Trade Practices Act.

More Confiscation

Confiscation of property and resources without appeal or compensation now appears principally as environmental legislation. Green is the new red. Native vegetation and fauna protection laws are designed to lock up private land and resources by forbidding activity over large areas of rural Australia without compensation. The Queensland Vegetation Management Act is just one egregious example.

More Obfuscation

The list of over-complex, unadministrable and discriminatory legislation is endless and grows every day. Any business, small or large, could present instant examples.

The environmental legislation mentioned above is a prime example. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Business Environment Conservation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.