Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since 1500

By Anderson, Nancy Fix | Anglican and Episcopal History, December 2004 | Go to article overview

Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since 1500


Anderson, Nancy Fix, Anglican and Episcopal History


ROBERT ERIC FRYKENBERG, ED. Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since 1500. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Kerdmans, 2003. Pp. xii + 419, index. $39.00 (paper).

In the often tense religious climate in contemporary India, militant Hindu groups have targeted Indian as well as western Christians as agents of imperialism and betrayers of their perception of India as "Hindustan." Christianity is usually seen as an alien import that has sought to disrupt traditional Indian (i.e., Hindu) society and culture. Indian converts to Christianity are stereotyped as lower-caste, who convert for self-advancement rather than religious belief. Given the emotionally charged political importance of religion in India today, Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since, 1500 is a welcome contribution towards a clearer and more accurate understanding of the rich, complex history of Christianity in India, and of the work and methods of Christian missionaries across the centuries.

The volume is a collection of quite diverse essays edited by the distinguished South Asian scholar Robert Eric Frykenberg, and is part of the series Studies in the History of Christian Missions. The central theme that informs and links most of the essays is the argument that Christianity is a religion as indigenous to India as to the West, and that its propagation was due as much to Indians as to western missionaries. Although most of the contributors are western, they write without apparent Eurocentric prejudice, and aim at understanding Christianity in India within the context of Indian and not imperial history.

Frykenberg lays out the main argument of the volume in his comprehensive introductory essay on the origins of Christianity in India. He provides a fascinating account of the "Thomas" (or Syrian) Christians in India, who believe themselves descended from those converted by the Apostle Thomas when he reputedly arrived in India in A.D. 52. These Thomas Christians are particularly interesting not only because of their ancient history, but also because they remained Hindu in culture and stayed embedded in the caste system. Frykenberg then examines the work of later western missionaries, whom he concludes could not have succeeded without the active cooperation of Indians, both Christian and Hindu. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since 1500
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.