Unlocking Innovation

By Fannin, Rebecca | Chief Executive (U.S.), June 2005 | Go to article overview

Unlocking Innovation


Fannin, Rebecca, Chief Executive (U.S.)


CEOs are learning how to better tap university R&D, The results could be powerful.

Luis Mcjia of Stanford University recalls the fall day nine years ago when Larry Page, then a Ph.D. student, came to Mejia's office of technology licensing to patent his search engine software, called Page Rank.

The patented software had been available for licensing for almost two years, but no cornpan) pnrsned it, says A4cjia, who matches Stanford research that could be commercialized with companies seeking ideas. So without any suitors, Page and his partner Sergey Brin founded a small upstart company named Coogle based on their search engine software, and the company's IPO last year not only made Stanford $ 190 million but was also the biggest event in the tech world since the dot-corn boom.

The story speaks volumes about the state of university-corporate collaboration when it comes to developing tomorrow's innovations. For decades, corporate R&D leaders and university researchers have looked at each other across a broad chasm: Companies have wanted access to research they can commercialize quickly, often within a fiscal quarter, and they've had scant patience for the academic pursuit of the frontiers of knowledge, or basic research. The universities, meanwhile, have been suspicious of corporate motives, often believing that company researchers only have dollar signs in their eyes. The end result has been that only a tiny fraction of university innovation, an estimated 6 percent, has actually reached the marketplace.

With potentially dozens of undiscovered Cooglcs lurking within the Ivied halls, key decision-makers on both sides are beginning to realize they need to narrow the gulf between them. Universities arc worried that federal funding is being reduced. And CEOs of the likes of Intel, HP and IBM believe that unlocking university research is one of the keys to starting a new wave of U.S. innovation.

As a result, a pattern of much more intimate relationships is unfolding between top research universities and major technology companies. "Universities are a tremendous source of research," says Patrick Scaglia, vice president and a director at the Palo Alto, Calif.-based HP Labs, the central research group at Hewlett-Packard. "But if you look at it as a way to develop a product for the next quarter, it won't work that way." Tapping universities for research requires a long-term view, he notes, and often up to a decade or more of diligent R&D with no guaranteed payback and few home runs.

While there is no single formula for working with universities to tap research, HP is among those leading firms that have crafted an approach, using sponsorship of grants, fellowships, research projects and "pie-in-the-sky" theoretical research to tip the research curve.

IBM, one of the top corporate innovators in the country, taps similar sponsorship, but also uses its Ivory Tower connections to capture the best and brightest ideas and students, says Robin Williams, associate director at the San Jose-based TBM Almaden Research Center, one of eight TRM research facilities worldwide.

Intel goes so far as to place one of its four research "lablets" at the University of California Berkeley campus, where students, professors and Intel researchers work side by side on inventions that will make tomorrow better, says Joe Hellerstein, director of Intel Research Berkeley.

The reason these more proactive approaches are needed is that the U.S. is losing its competitive edge worldwide as funding for research decreases and basic research gives way to more practical, project-oriented work, says Johns Hopkins University president William Brody. He notes that U.S. federal research and development spending peaked in 1965, at just under 2 percent of GDP, and has dropped to 0.8 percent today. He adds that Asia now produces three times the number of scientists and engineers as the U.S., and Europe more than twice that number. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Unlocking Innovation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.