Holding U.S. Security Hostage

By Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr. | Arms Control Today, October 1995 | Go to article overview

Holding U.S. Security Hostage


Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr., Arms Control Today


Prompt Senate approval of START II--the treaty that would reduce the Russian strategic threat to the United States from some 8,000 to 3,500 nuclear warheads--is becoming increasingly doubtful despite overwhelming bipartisan congressional support. Senator Jesse Helms (R-NC), asserting his power as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is holding this important treaty, as well as the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), hostage to passage of unrelated legislation. Failure to complete Senate action promptly could delay for years the entry into force of these agreements with great disadvantage to U.S. security.

By refusing to schedule any meetings, Helms has stopped all action before his committee in an effort to force the administration to accept his plan to integrate into the State Department three independent agencies, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), the Agency for International Development and the U.S. Information Agency. Senate approval of START II, which Helms has not opposed, could be obtained with little or no opposition as soon as a formal committee markup of the resolution of approval can be scheduled. But until Helms relents, the United States cannot demonstrate to Russia and the world its support for reductions in strategic nuclear forces.

The multilateral CWC, which will ban development, production and stockpiling of chemical warfare agents as well as their use, may require a final hearing to resolve some questions. But, under the able leadership of Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN), the necessary resolution of approval should be easily obtained. Because many countries are awaiting U.S. ratification, Senate inaction prevents the early entry into force of this agreement, which universally bans possession and use of the "poor man's nuclear weapon."

Senator Helms is reportedly willing to reduce the ransom to only two of the three threatened agencies with the choice left to the administration. The White House has properly declined to bargain with hostage-takers and vowed not to yield on this issue. However, the longer this standoff lasts, the less any action will occur in time to influence favorable Russian action on either treaty.

The prospects for START II ratification in the Russian Parliament are much more precarious than in the U.S. Senate, notwithstanding Helms' maneuvering. A narrow window of opportunity for action appears to exist for the next month or two before the Russian adjourns to prepare for mid-December elections. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Holding U.S. Security Hostage
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.