Authors View Transitions over 20 Years

By Quinn, Mary Joy; Tomita, Susan K. et al. | Aging Today, September/October 2005 | Go to article overview

Authors View Transitions over 20 Years

Quinn, Mary Joy, Tomita, Susan K., Nerenberg, Lisa, Aging Today

Recently, elder abuse and neglect have made the front pages of newspapers around the United States. In California, the recent release of an $8 million request for proposals by the Archstone Foundation has prompted a flurry of activity, with organizations new to the field joining established ones in proposing new and ingenious programs. For those who have worked in the field for many years, it is gratifying to see the inroads that have been made in raising awareness, generating public debate and mobilizing communities. It is an exciting time and climate in which to begin the third edition of Elder Abuse and Neglect: Causes, Diagnosis, and Intervention Strategies, first released by the Springer Publishing Company in 1986, when little was known about elder abuse and neglect, and revised in 1997. Present developments also provide an opportunity to reflect on the influences and approaches that have shaped the field.

In the first edition, we drew from the literature on domestic violence and child abuse and neglect in proposing a framework for understanding elder abuse and neglect. It was the child mistreatment model that first gained prominence nationally. States overwhelmingly enacted laws affecting elders that were patterned after the reporting laws intended to protect children. Response systems were designed accordingly. The limitations of this approach soon became obvious. Unlike our colleagues in child protection, who could legally and dramatically intervene to ensure children's safety, protective services for elders were voluntary by law, and professionals needed to gain clients' compliance. Many didn't want help, and dealing with client resistance became a necessary part of how professionals practiced. The child abuse and neglect approach also sparked accusations of ageism and paternalism, which required protective service providers to continually reevaluate and reaffirm their commitment to elders' autonomy and the concept of the least restrictive alternative.


Initial speculation that caregiver stress caused elder abuse or neglect led early researchers to explore the caregiver literature, which suggested that the more care elders required, the greater the burden on their caregivers, resulting in greater caregiver stress. Researchers of elder abuse and neglect also explored the link between disability and abuse and neglect. Researchers in both fields eventually recognized that the extent of disability was perhaps less important than the quality of long-term relationships between caregivers and care receivers in predicting both stress and mistreatment. More work is needed to understand the impact of past conflict, including domestic violence and child abuse, and elder mistreatment in the caregiving context.

The Vulnerable Elder Rights Protection Program, created by Congress in the 1992 Amendments to the Older Americans Act, recast elder abuse and neglect as matters of rights and civil liberties, suggesting that abuse constituted a denial of elders' basic rights. The program called for advocacy on behalf of those unable to advocate for themselves owing to physical or mental disabilities, social isolation, or limited education or resources. The same year, interest in the domestic-violence model as it relates to elder abuse and neglect resurfaced with the groundbreaking 1992 AARP forum titled "Abused Elders or Older Battered Women?" That event assembled researchers and practitioners from the fields of elder abuse and domestic violence to explore the links between them.

In addition, the infusion of domesticviolence theory and practice into elder abuse further counterbalanced the emphasis on protection and disability. That's because domestic-violence theory and practice focuses on empowering abuse victims by applying such methods as consciousness-raising and advocating and planning for one's own safety. This perspective also shed light on the complex dynamics between abusers and victims and on the help-seeking process. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Authors View Transitions over 20 Years


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.