Experiences of Counselor Educators of Color in Academe

By Salazar, Carmen F.; Herring, Roger D. et al. | Journal of Professional Counseling, Practice, Theory, & Research, Fall 2004 | Go to article overview

Experiences of Counselor Educators of Color in Academe


Salazar, Carmen F., Herring, Roger D., Cameron, Susan C., Nihlen, Ann S., Journal of Professional Counseling, Practice, Theory, & Research


Abstract

The authors present results of a qualitative exploration and analysis of the impact of ethnicity, social class, and gender in the lives of 14 counselor educators of color teaching in colleges and universities across the United States. Data analysis yielded eight themes; a ninth theme, "Multicultural Selfhood" served as a unifier which wove throughout participants' stories, and consequently through each of the 8 themes. This article focuses on five themes related to participants' interactions and relationships with colleagues and students, including the individual and systemic dynamics at work in these interactions. The results have implications for retention of minority faculty.

Experiences of Counselor Educators of Color in Academe

Increasingly, counselor educators who are committed to multiculturalism are calling attention to the need to move multiculturalism into a more central place in counseling training and practice (Arredondo & Arciniega, 2001; Hill, 2003). If counseling programs are to provide ethical, competent, and relevant multicultural education, the active presence of faculty of color is required (Ponterotto, Alexander, & Greiger, 1995; Torres, Ottens, & Johnson, 1997). A more diverse faculty will serve more effectively the needs of counselor trainees of color as well as European American students (Brinson & Kottler, 1993; Young, Chamley & Withers, 1990). Given the profession's increasing commitment to multiculturalism, and the need for faculty of color, counseling programs must make a concerted effort to both recruit and retain faculty of color (Holcomb-McCoy & Bradley, 2003). In addition, the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs requires such efforts for accreditation approval (CACREP, 2001).

Asserting that "Counselor education has been dominated by White privilege," Ivey, Ivey, D'Andrea and Daniels (1997) emphasized some European American counselor educators' "unintentional racism," and difficulty "fully listening to culturally diverse opinions." They stressed the need for the profession to "listen to and incorporate culturally diverse voices" (p. 3). Including people of color on counseling faculties without attending to how their varied perspectives, worldviews, experiences, and insights enrich and challenge the profession limits the profession on an individual and collective basis.

Brinson and Kottler's (1993) essay on cross-cultural mentoring as a strategy for retaining minority faculty in counselor education, and Bradley and Holcomb-McCoy's (2002) survey of research, teaching, and service activities of ethnic minority counselor educators, provided insight into challenges faced by faculty of color. In addition, several counselor educators of color who contributed essays to the Special Issue of The Journal of Counseling and Development, "Racism: Healing Its Effects" (1999) spoke briefly of their current experiences of racism in academe. In addition, there is a large body of literature describing the challenges experienced by faculty of color in a variety of academic fields (e.g., Benjamin, 1997; James & Farmer, 1993; Padilla & Chavez, 1995). However, there has been no systematic qualitative exploration and analysis of the experiences of counselor educators of color in the counseling literature. This study by the first author is intended to help fill this gap.

Genuine understanding of the experiences of counselor educators of color and of the meanings they derive from these experiences require attention to the interaction of ethnicity, social class, and gender. All three factors work simultaneously and have overlapping, interlocking, and cumulative effects (Andersen & Collins, 2004; Robinson, 1999).

Method

A number of experts in multicultural counseling research and practice have noted the promise qualitative research methodology offers "in studying complex psychological issues among culturally diverse people" (Daniels & D'Andrea, 1996, p. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Experiences of Counselor Educators of Color in Academe
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.