Left Catholicism 1943-1955: Catholics and Society in Western Europe at the Point of Liberation

By Misner, Paul | The Catholic Historical Review, October 2001 | Go to article overview

Left Catholicism 1943-1955: Catholics and Society in Western Europe at the Point of Liberation


Misner, Paul, The Catholic Historical Review


Left Catholicism 1943-1955: Catholics and Society in Western Europe at the Point of Liberation. Edited by Gerd-Rainer Horn and Emmanuel Gerard. [KADOC-Studies, 25.] (Leuven: Leuven University Press. 2001. Pp. 319. 1,300 BEF; Euro 32.)

In their introduction, the editors raise a number of questions that the contributors discuss from their various angles throughout the work. How were the leftist elements that made themselves noticed as World War II came to an end rooted in or related to Catholicism? Were the strains of opposition to liberalistic capitalism stronger than the commitment to political democracy? To what extent did the massive development of Catholic Action in some countries under Pius XI and Pius XII play a more significant role in the postwar radicalization of left Catholics than did the prewar Catholic labor movement? In what cases was a shared experience of the Resistance a major factor? And, of course, why did the movements of Left Catholicism succumb so quickly to a more moderate, centrist Christian Democracy in Italy, Germany, and the Benelux countries? Was the initial prominence of working-class demands in the new or reconstituted movements led by Catholics mostly just a by-product of the temporary discomfiture of conservative standard-bearers after the defeat of Fascism and Nazism? The dramatic rise and decline of the Mouvement Republicain Populaire in France would seem to be a case in point.

In the first article Horn posits the thesis of a transnational European Left Catholicism in the 1940's. Not all the authors are satisfied with this category, but all, starting with three meaty articles on French (and one on Belgian) developments powered by a zealous generation of former Catholic youth intellectuals and workers, note more or less radical departures on the left from previous Catholic practices and organizations (contributions by Jean-Claude Delbreil, Bruno Duriez,Yvon Tranvouez, and Jean-Louis Jadoulle). The worker priests (Oscar Cole-Arnal) were but one manifestation of the responses to the indignities under which the industrial proletariat labored, indignities shared by intellectuals and clergy who accompanied some of them to forced-labor sites in Germany during the war.

There follow two essays on Italy, one (by Antonio Parisella) on political movements and party formations to the left of, or in the left wing of, the Christian Democratic Party, and the other (by Giorgio Vecchio) of less political mavericks, closer than other Italian Catholics to the radical French attitudes of the era; some of them were hailed as prophets at the time of the Second Vatican Council. An article (by Andreas Lienkamp) on German Left Catholicism, e.g., that of Walter Dirks, and one (by Patrick Pasture) explaining the notable lack of interaction between Christian (Catholic) labor across Western Europe and the Catholic leftist intellectuals, even in the immediate postwar years, lead to a discussion of the increasing chilliness between the mass of the Catholics and their leftwingers. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Left Catholicism 1943-1955: Catholics and Society in Western Europe at the Point of Liberation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.