Unaffected by the Gospel: Osage Resistance to the Christian Invasion, 1673-1906: A Cultural Victory

By Key, Joseph P. | The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Winter 2005 | Go to article overview

Unaffected by the Gospel: Osage Resistance to the Christian Invasion, 1673-1906: A Cultural Victory


Key, Joseph P., The Arkansas Historical Quarterly


Unaffected by the Gospel: Osage Resistance to the Christian Invasion, 1673-1906: A Cultural Victory. By Willard Hughes Rollings. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 243. Acknowledgments, illustrations, maps, notes, references, index. $45.00, cloth; $22.95, paper.)

Over a decade ago, Willard Rollings' The Osage: An Ethnohistorical Study of Hegemony on the Prairie-Plains provided a great service to American Indian history in altering our perspective on the Osages and challenging older, more negative images of these people. In this most recent work, Rollings continues to elucidate the complexity of Osage society and history, this time examining religion and Christianity specifically.

Much attention is paid to the Indian wars in scholarly and popular literature, but Rollings wants to show that American Indians often resisted encroachments on their land and challenges to their beliefs in nonviolent ways. The Osages, in particular, Rollings argues, were very successful in nonviolent resistance to the advance of Euro-American culture. That may come as a surprise to many who have been taught that the Osages were fearsome warriors who killed white traders and Indian rivals in Arkansas and elsewhere and intimidated the Spanish colonial government. The problem with this interpretation of Osage history is not that it is untrue, but that it sees the Osages as inherently violent and vicious. Another perspective, Rollings' for example, places violence into context and sees the Osages as one of many expansionist powers on the continent, each of which (whether Osages, Lakotas, or Anglo Americans) had reasons and goals for expansion.

Religion was one of the ways in which Anglo Americans furthered their own expansionist impulse. The Osages first encountered Christianity in the seventeenth century, when Catholic missionaries arrived in the mid-continent. At the time, Catholic missionaries were only visitors and did not establish permanent missions among the Osages. In the nineteenth century, Protestant missionaries arrived and stayed for several decades. The United Foreign Missionary Society-supported by the Presbyterian, Dutch Reformed, and Associate Reformed Churches-established the Union, Harmony, and Hopefield Missions. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Unaffected by the Gospel: Osage Resistance to the Christian Invasion, 1673-1906: A Cultural Victory
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.