"The Lottery, Southern States, and the Federal Government: A Formula for Perpetual Success or Inevitable Destruction in Education Policy?"

By Stanley, Rodney E.; French, P. Edward | Public Administration Quarterly, Fall/Winter 2004 | Go to article overview

"The Lottery, Southern States, and the Federal Government: A Formula for Perpetual Success or Inevitable Destruction in Education Policy?"


Stanley, Rodney E., French, P. Edward, Public Administration Quarterly


ABSTRACT

State operated lotteries have recently been asserted by public administrators and academicians as panaceas for eradicating revenue disparities existing across public school districts in the American states. The purpose of this research project is to empirically confirm the accusations against attributing credibility to this social intervention program because educational disparity portrays a grave injustice in the U.S. Pooled time series cross sectional analysis is the methodology mechanism employed to test the data in this research project. This study found that lotteries, since their inception, despite expressed high regards, display insufficient significance in generating revenue for educational programs in the southern states. One highly probable reason for the lottery's insignificant effect in generating educational revenue is the idea of fungibility. One of the major limitations of this study is the small sample size of only using southern states to test the theory that lotteries contribute significantly to educational expenditures in the southern states of America. Using pooled time series cross sectional analysis of all fifty states is a highly recommended approach for future studies concerned with assessing the impact of lotteries on public education expenditures.

INTRODUCTION

The growth of lotteries and other forms of gaming has encountered extreme opposition from adversaries of this revenue heightening device. Various citizens consider gambling immoral, contending that gaming burdens the less affluent in society. Opponents postulate that lotteries are institutional mechanisms used by the establishment for exploiting the poor. The captivation of lotteries draws those individuals of less affluent societal membership into the mechanisms alluring grasp by painting a glamorous picture of wealth and fame (Geary, 1997). The homogenized critics postulate that the social costs in terms of gambling addictions and increased crimes associated with supporting these addictions present major challenges for society.

Numerous studies representing the positive and negative aspects of these social interventions, and the damaging social implications of these revenue enhancing programs, permeate the academic literature on lotteries. This examination differs from other expositions on lotteries because the project assesses the impact of lottery contributions on public education in southern states over a period of time. Currently Florida, Virginia, Louisiana, Kentucky, and Georgia operate lotteries that contribute large amounts of revenue to their public educational systems. On the other hand, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and South Carolina circumvent lotteries. Since the implementation of lotteries, have southern states experienced a substantial increase in public education expenditures? The absence of empirical research assessing the impact of lotteries in regards to increasing public educational funds over a period of time and predicting the future affect of lotteries on education, contributes to the necessity of this project. This project will be successful if the empirical analysis demonstrates whether lotteries have considerably impacted public education expenditures in the southern states. In this event, this document will serve as evidence that states such as Mississippi, who have a tremendous amount of revenue from other games of chance, should follow suit by enhancing its public education system or diverting gaming expenditures to other social intervention programs such as economic development.

The following sections of this research project incorporate a literature review that assesses the recent arguments regarding lotteries and their use for enhancing public education. Thereafter, a theory that establishes the direction of the research, along with the numerous hypotheses for empirical analyses are found. A methodological and data section that addresses the specific methods used in testing the stated hypothesis, along with the findings and conclusions of this research project compose the latter sections of this document. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

"The Lottery, Southern States, and the Federal Government: A Formula for Perpetual Success or Inevitable Destruction in Education Policy?"
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.