The Effects of Culture and Structure of Society on Political Society Behavior

By Suwarno | Researchers World, October 2017 | Go to article overview

The Effects of Culture and Structure of Society on Political Society Behavior


Suwarno, Researchers World


INTRODUCTION:

Culture and structure of the society influence people's political behavior. The political behavior of the society is a process of political interaction between various elements such as the public and the government, within the public, or the government with interest groups, and others. Pye and Sidney (2015) mentioned that political culture is nothing but political orientations and attitudes held by individuals in dealing their political system, which then becomes the aggregate at the collective level. They further stated that the political culture is the working method of depth- complex individual psychology to the level of social aggregate. The study of culture and structure of the political behavior of society is an important effort to recognize and understand the effects of these two variables on the behavior of political society. Currently, at Kediri Regency society, which is in the phase of democratization, an absolute and thorough understanding is present about the culture and structure of society to the political behavior of people.

A thorough understanding with regards to the development of foundation associated with the implementation of a democratic political party is visible. In this context, the study of the culture and structure of the political behavior of society finds its urgency. The problem formulation is, what is the effects of culture and local society towards political behavior in Pilkada Kediri Regency. Regent electoral political behavior can be influenced by culture and structure of the society. According to Jatman analysis (2000: 22-35), the ideal living cultures in the Java society is a wise, honest, introspective, wholehearted, mindful, brave, respect, harmonious, taste and friendly in which their staff greatly affects the political behavior of society. Likewise, the structure of the society ranges from bureaucrats, academicians, businessmen, land owners, farmers and workers who also affects the political behavior of society.

LITERATURE REVIEW:

Political culture is one of the aspects in political system which is very spacious consisting of thoughts, ideas, knowledge, customs, manners, behavior, superstitions and myths. People are well aware and recognize the above-mentioned factors in political culture. The political culture gives rationale to reject or accept the values and other norms. It is synonymous with the concept of ideology which could mean a mental attitude, a way of thinking, a way of life, style of understanding and structure of thought.

According to Geertz (1973), the political culture of a society is determined by the elements that exist in the society. Customs and religion play a big role in the process of absorption and the formation of people's views of power or symbols in the vicinity. Customs and religion have influenced or given shape of attitudes or the pattern of individual member's views to the public about the possible role played in the political system.

Pomper, Gerald, et.al. 1989 in The Election of 1988: Reports and Interpretations Chatham, NJ: Chatam House, observed that the political preferences of the family, whether the political preferences of the father or mother of political preferences will influence the political preferences of the child. "Franklin (2004) strengthens earlier theories that the sociological tie affects a person's political choice that "ociological ties.. theoretically still significant enough to look at voting behavior'."

According to Pye and Sidney (2015), political culture is nothing but political orientation and attitude held by individuals in dealing with their political system, which then aggregate at the collective level. They further stated that the political culture is the working method of depth-complex individual psychology to the level of social aggregate. They distinguished 'political culture' at the individual level as an effective control of political behavior, and at collective level, as a systematic structure for values and rationale considerations that ensure coherent performance of institutions and organizations. …

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