Family Environment and Its Role in the Emergence of Deviant Behavior

By Boboc, Daniela | Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice, July 1, 2017 | Go to article overview

Family Environment and Its Role in the Emergence of Deviant Behavior


Boboc, Daniela, Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice


1.Introduction

The family is the basic cell of a society. It is the most important component with determinant role of the child's socialization that aims at bringing children up as members of a balanced society, and secondly to stabilize the personality of the adult. When a child takes its first steps in life, the family is beside him. This should help him to walk right on the road full of obstacles of life. It is very important that the child's family instill the desire to respect social norms and foremost it is a pattern of conduct.

Parents need to understand that they must properly educate their children. If they will receive proper education from family and from school, they will develop harmoniously and will certainly have a bright future. The attention and love for children must not fail. The emotional deficiencies, from the earliest moments of life can lead to serious imbalances, which can have tragic consequences. Love is the secret for a best future.

2.Family Factors

"The family is a natural association established to meet daily needs of a person." Aristotle

As stated Daniel Goleman in his book Emotional Intelligence, "Family life is the first school of emotions. In this crucible intimate, so learn to recognize their own emotions and reactions of others to our emotions; how to think about these emotions and how to choose the side; how to read and express hopes and fears." (Goleman, 2001: 11).

In the modern societies, the family is "the core fundamental tool of larger social structure, meaning that all other institutions depend on its influences" (Stănoiu, 1989: 11). Specialists analyze the incidence of the family on the child's school deviance and put an emphasis on the need of a cooperation relationship to be established between the family and the school. From this perspective, it is considered that the attitude of the parents toward school is an important variable in school adaptation of children, especially during early school years or the end school cycle (Neamţu, 2003: 80).

The social functions of the family are achieved through the following specific situations:

a) "The moral education" situation, the essential relationship and authority within the family, where the child forms a first look at the world and life, about norms and values;

b) The "cognitive learning" that forms the knowledge, skills and abilities system of the child necessary in social life;

c) The statements of invention and imagination, which develops imagination and creative abilities;

d) The psychological communication situations that specifically develop the human affectivity (Nistoreanu and Peacock, 1996: 168).

The research conducted by Florica Bejinaru in 2013 on two samples of one hundred cases each, found in the evidence of Predelinquence Service from the General Directorate of Social Assistance in Mehedinti outlines that in relation to the style of family education, we have a situation we can characterize in general as problematic: poor education style of the mother - 94% of cases in 2011 and 95% of cases in 2012, the father deficient educational style - 97% of cases in 2011 and 99% cases in 2012. What is very important is that the attitude of the parents toward school is itself a problematic situation. Thus, there is a hostile, disinterested or indifferent attitude towards school 80% of parents in 2011 and 82% in 2012. The only unproblematic variable is the presence of parents with penal antecedents. There is a slight increase in percentage of problematic situations for 2012 compared to 2011. (http://www.unibuc.ro/studies/Doctorate2013Noiembrie)

3.The Malfunction of the Family Environment

The child spends most of the time in the family, at home. The child's personality in training is strictly influenced by the example of the parents. The family is preparing the child for life; it can be an educational environment or conversely, a governor of behavioral deviations to serious forms of juvenile delinquency. …

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