Estimation Degree of Changes Influence in Competition Rules on the Contests Ratios of Judo Wrestlers of Lightweight Categories in Russia and Kyrgyzstan

By Koptev, Oleg; Osipov, Aleksander et al. | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, September 2017 | Go to article overview

Estimation Degree of Changes Influence in Competition Rules on the Contests Ratios of Judo Wrestlers of Lightweight Categories in Russia and Kyrgyzstan


Koptev, Oleg, Osipov, Aleksander, Kudryavtsev, Mikhail, Zhavner, Tatyana, Vonog, Vita, Fedorova, Polina, Vapaeva, Anna, Kuzmin, Vladimir, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

Rapid development of combat and combat sports requires specialists and trainers to use modern and effective approaches to training high-level athletes capable of successfully competing with and defeating their rivals. Nevertheless, this requirement applies to the fight of judo in which many methods and means of training and competitive training need serious and qualitative changes (Bocioaca, 2014). This is confirmed by the analysis of the scientific literature devoted to various aspects of judo training and competitive activity (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Iermakov, et al., 2017; Peset, Ferrer-Sapena, Villamón, et al., 2013). According to their scientific works, experts argue that the significant growth of sportsmanship of martial artists and the development of sports science make it absolutely necessary to conduct comprehensive scientific research in judo in order to improve the performance of athletes' competitive achievements (Challis, Scruton, Cole, et al., 2015). What is more the experts note that high competitiveness in judo today according to the experts' opinions requires high-intensity technical actions from athletes which require the optimal physical condition (Torres-Luque, Hernandez-Garcia, Escobar-Molina, et al., 2016; Zaggelidis, Mavrovvouniotis, Argyriadou, et al., 2013). Such an effect can be achieved only with a significant optimization of the process of training judoists for the competitive activities.

What is more the specialists note that modern judo rules impose very high demands on the dynamics of conducting competitive bouts and encourage an active fight against a large number of technical actions (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Struchkov, et al., 2016; Krstulović, Zuvela, Katić, 2006). In view of these conditions, the coaches build the process of training of the qualified judokas in such a way that their wards outperform their rivals in physical strength, speed and endurance (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Kuzmin, et al., 2016; Manolachi, 2015; Drapsin, Drid, Grujic, et al., 2010). At the same time, the process of tactical and technical training of athletes to conduct an active attack during the entire competition is given insufficient attention (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Struchkov, et al., 2016). Although, according to some experts' opinions, the value of the level of tactical and technical preparedness of judoists will be a fundamental factor for achieving success in competitions (Bocioaca, 2014). It should be recognized that modern sports judo despite the already extensive knowledge of the structure and methods of training of the qualified athletes in this form of wrestling presents a wide field for further scientific research. To a large extent, regular changes in the rules of judo competitions introduced by the International Judo Federation (IJF) from 2010 to the present (Franchinini, Takito, & Calmet, 2013) will contribute to the further scientific search.

Furthermore, it was revealed that all the above-mentioned problems of training of the highly skilled judokas are able to achieve significant results at international competitions which to some extent present in Russian judo. The analysis of many scientific works of Russian judo experts (scientists, experts, well-deserved trainers of the country, well-known athletes) shows that the experts identified a number of problem areas that do not allow Russian athletes to realize fully their potential in the competitive arena. At the same time, the experts are convinced that the most problematic area in training of the athletes the specialists called training and competitive activity of wrestlers (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Fedorova, et al., 2017). It is noticeable that to improve the quality of judo training for an attacking and dynamic struggle encouraged by the new competition rules the serious scientific analysis of all competitive activities of athletes should be conducted. Such an analysis will allow trainers and specialists to orient better themselves in choosing the optimal means and methods for physical and tactical and technical training of wrestlers. …

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