The Analysis of Physical Fitness of Students of 13-14 Years in the Process of Physical Education

By Galan, Yaroslav; Nakonechnyi, Ihor et al. | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, November 2017 | Go to article overview

The Analysis of Physical Fitness of Students of 13-14 Years in the Process of Physical Education


Galan, Yaroslav, Nakonechnyi, Ihor, Moseichuk, Yurii, Vaskan, Ivan, Paliichuk, Yurii, Yarmak, Olena, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

The priority task of the system of physical education in Ukraine is the orientation of the pedagogical process on the improvement of the health of the younger generation. The main goal of physical education is to strengthen health, to improve physical condition, to promote the development of basic physical qualities and motor abilities of students. (Kashuba, 2010; Galan, 2017; Yarmak, 2017).

The optimal level of general physical fitness is the basis of the process of physical perfection of a person. Constant dynamic observation of indicators of physical fitness is a means of the effectiveness monitoring of the process of physical education in general educational establishments and making appropriate adjustments to the curricula and pedagogical activity of the physical education teachers. (Krutsevych, 2001; 2012). Control exercises enable the teacher to identify students with a low level of physical fitness and individualize the process of physical education. (Yarmak, 2017). Determining the students' physical fitness level is one of the most important tasks in the work of scientists and physical education teachers. Testing in this direction helps to solve a number of complex pedagogical tasks: to reveal the level of development of motor qualities, to evaluate the quality of the process of physical education. On the basis of the test results, it is possible: to compare the fitness of different age groups, to carry out objective control over the development of physical qualities, to determine the advantages and disadvantages of the applied means, training methods and forms of organization of lessons (Dudnyk, 2013). The question of the peculiarities of the development of various motor qualities in adolescents of different gender and their adequate evaluation in the course of school lessons, remains a topical issue, it should be an incentive for motivation to improve the physical qualities of students. This problem is especially urgent against the background of the need for the radical reorganization of physical education in the education system, which is associated with a sharp exacerbation of the issue of the physical fitness of student youth.

These provisions determine the relevance of the research related to the need to solve a scientific task that is of significant theoretical and practical importance for improving the process of physical education of the students of secondary school age.

Materials and Methods

During the research there were used: the method of theoretical analysis and generalization of data from scientific and methodological literature and analysis of documentary materials, that made it possible to study the theoretical and methodological foundations of the organization of physical education of schoolchildren of 13-14 years; the method of pedagogical observation of the educational process of schoolchildren; pedagogical testing of physical fitness. The results were processed using the mathematical statistics method.

The study was carried out on the basis of the Chernivtsi specialized school of levels I-III of the Physical and Mathematical profile No. 6, the Chernivtsi specialized school of levels I-II No.22, Chernivtsi General Education School of levels I-III No. 27, the General Education School of levels I-III at the Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk. Students of grades 7-8 took part in the summative experiment. 324 people (163 boys and 161 girls) were examined.

Results

Basic physical abilities are improved as the body grows and develops. Each of them has its sensitive period. The processes of growth and development in adolescents are characterized by unevenness and undulation, which is an adaptation produced by evolution. The development of the organism is directly dependent on the activity of the skeletal musculature: hypodynamia and hyperdynamics inhibit this process (Galan, 2015). To characterize the physical fitness of schoolchildren of secondary school age, we used 7 motor tests (running 30 m race, running 1,000-1,500 m race, shuttle running 4x9 m, bending forward from the sitting position, the standing long jump, flexion and extension of arms in front lying support, pull-up) all of them are included in the curriculum for physical education for grades 5-9 of general education schools. …

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