Teachers and Parents on the Formation of Civic Identity in the Process of Multicultural Education of Children of Primary School Age

By Shamsutdinova, Ilsiya I. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Teachers and Parents on the Formation of Civic Identity in the Process of Multicultural Education of Children of Primary School Age


Shamsutdinova, Ilsiya I., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

In the modern Russian society in recent years there is a condition, that is characterized as a crisis of identity, associated not only with the consequences of post-transformation sociocultural "trauma", but also with general features of modern society. The identity of modern Russians, was influenced by globalization in the socio-cultural sphere, accompanied by the abandonment of many traditional values. In this context, sociological science raises the question of the development of technologies and models of the formation of a new identity of young citizens of Russia, which has strategic importance for the successful future of the Russian statehood.

The education system is one of the main institutions of social reproduction and state security, one of the most effective instruments of cultural and political integration of the Russian society. Education is a leading factor in the preservation and development of national culture and language. (Thomas, 1977)

In today's world it is very important to ensure civil peace and social stability, to create favorable conditions of socialization of new generations. The future of the Russian state is largely determined by the effectiveness of political and civil institutions, territorial integrity, social motivation of the population, the success of economic reforms, the overall rate of formation of the Russian political nation. Therefore, the modern Russian education should reflect the interests of Russian society and the state, associated with the formation of Russian civil identity. Holistic innovation system of multicultural education, taking into account state interests, national and ethno-cultural characteristics of the population, the conditions of intercultural dialogue and the tasks of designing inter-ethnic and interfaith harmony may meet such a request.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Multicultural education is revealed full enough in the definition of A. Thomas. According to him, "Multicultural education takes place when the particular person aspires to dealing with people of another culture, to understand their specific system of perception, cognition, thinking, their system of values and actions, to integrate new experience into his own cultural system to change it in accordance with a foreign culture. Multicultural education encourages, along with the knowledge of foreign culture, to the analysis of our own culture too".

One of the objectives, pursued by the Russian education, is the development of harmonious civic identity, respective to historical traditions, and contemporary structure and prospects of strengthening of the Federal state. And that multicultural education is able to provide a strong base, which matches the conditions of modern Russia.

The study of identity context, the mechanisms of its formation and functioning has attracted and continues to attract psychologists, philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, political scientists. The term "identity" was introduced by E. Erickson and means the identity of the person with himself, taking his own image in a variety of personal relationships to the world. Civic identity is a collection of the most important civic values, which define the behavior of a person in society; understanding by the personality of the status of a citizen, the ability and willingness to carry out civic duties. (Vodolazhskaya, 2010)

Analysis of civic identity is contained in the works of T. Heidegger, J. Habermas, V. Hasle, F. Fukuyama. They appealed to the peculiarities of identity formation in polyconfessional communities, transformation of systems of identities, of individuals, influenced by socio-cultural factors. Issues on formation of civic identity under the influence of processes of globalization, is researched by R. G. Abdulatipov, Yu. V. Arutyunyan, L. D. Gudkova, A. V. Kuznetsova, Yu. A. Levada, V. I. Pantin, V. A. Yadov.

Civic identity is seen among many categories (along with sex, age, ethnic, religious and other identities) and is defined as the implementation of the basic needs of the individual in belonging to a group. …

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