Tourism Education in Dehradun – a Study of the Stature of Toursim Colleges in Dehradun

By Khawas, Avita | Journal of Services Research, April-September 2017 | Go to article overview

Tourism Education in Dehradun – a Study of the Stature of Toursim Colleges in Dehradun


Khawas, Avita, Journal of Services Research


INTRODUCTION

Tourism in India is a booming industry. Tourism contributes 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) in India during 2015 were 6.58 million, contributing anestimated foreign exchange earnings of US$ 14.19 billion. Despite the recession, the tourism industry has shown impressive growth in the number of foreign tourist arrivals. India is 42nd in the world rankings as per foreign tourism arrivals in the globe. The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) has named India along with China, as one of the fastest growing tourism industries for the next 10 to 15 years. Tourism today is the most vibrant tertiary sectors and has a dominant stronghold in the economy.

Indian tourism is vast & varied, it requires professionally trained manpower to develop, promote, plan & market to deliver high quality services in the global competitive market. Nowadays the tourism industry & correspondent education are the prime concerns of most of the developed nations in the world. Developing nations & least developed countries also try to project their tourism in the current knowledge based society. Therefore, quality education, industry institute partnerships, collaboration with consultants, rethinking of vocational education, impetus on higher education, research & training in the field have to be focused upon to ensure the smooth functioning of tourism industry. International organizations like the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), the World Tourism Or- ganization (WTO), the World Leisure & Recreation Association (WLRA) have realized the importance of tourism in job creation & the benefit to emerging & developed nations.

Tourism is a major social and economic phenomenon in a country like India with enormous economic implications. It is an important instrument for peace and harmony, socio-economic development, entrepreneurship and employment. Tourism experts from both developed & developing countries have appropriately acknowledged the dynamics of tourism education. Britton (1982); Mathieson and Wall(1982); Richter (1989); Bagus (1992); Nuryanti (1992) and Hall (1994). The success of tourism seriously depends upon effective efficient trained manpower. Proper training & education can only help to create real professionals in tourism in the economy.

In the wake of globalization and economic restructuring, different countries of the globe are trying to redefine and rebuild the economy; particularly so after the recent economic disaster. Though tourism is a very sensitive and vulnerable industry, it is immediately affected by disasters, unrest, terrorism and economic recession. The tourism industry offers employment to both trained and untrained, skilled & semi-skilled people. Hence, this sector is very important for real growth of any country.

The panacea for developing the desired skills for service delivery, through educating manpower in a formal way has gained significance lately, and the same is been stressed upon by the think tanks from academicians to industry stakeholders. The result of this exercise has taken its shape in terms of offering a Diploma Programme in Tourism in 1970's, and slowly it has gained significance through the acceptance and popularity from the industry. Slowly, many universities have come forward to offer tourism courses at the Diploma and PG Diploma levels. The success of the course has motivated almost 20 -25 Universities across the vast sub-continent, to offer tourism courses at varying levels. The Government of India under its Tourism Ministry wing has constituted an autonomous Indian Institute of Tourism & Travel Management (IITTM) in Gwalior, during the 1980's. Now many private colleges and Universities (Deemed) are also in the race of offering tourism related course to meet the industry demand for skilled professionals.

Tourism Education - The Past, Present and the Future

Tourism education is viewed as the driving force in developing tourism for any country and hence, it is given high momentum by the developing countries. …

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