Slavic Diasporas of Southern Russia: Socio-Cultural and International Factors of Reproduction of Identity

By Bedrik, Andrei, V; Serikov, Anton, V et al. | Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, January 1, 2017 | Go to article overview

Slavic Diasporas of Southern Russia: Socio-Cultural and International Factors of Reproduction of Identity


Bedrik, Andrei, V, Serikov, Anton, V, Lubsky, Anatoly, V, Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues


INTRODUCTION

Polytechnic societies are considered as a social environment with a high degree of risk of interethnic conflicts. The international experience shows that even between linguistically and culturally close ethnic groups within the local and regional communities conflicts can occur, which are provoked by negative information or international environment, an increased social inequality or competition for limited resources. Such conflicts have spread in the Balkans, the Pyrenees and the British Isles. The situation is aggravated by the diaspora status of representatives of certain ethnic groups.

The territory of the Rostov Region and the Krasnodar Territory belong to the category of the most multinational regions of Russia. Therefore, according to the results of the All-Russian Population Census of 2010, representatives of more than 220 ethnic groups reside on this territory, which is traditionally attributed to the region of Southern Russia (Results of the All- Russia Population Census of 2010, 2013). The existing ethno-cultural mosaic of the regions includes representatives of autochthonous South Russian ethnicities (for example, the Adygs), the rooted Slavic population (primarily Russians and Cossacks), as well as numerous ethnic diasporas formed historically (for example, Poles and Greeks) or emerging ones (for example, Arabs). Along with them, in the regions of Russia there emerged the phenomenon of post-Soviet Diasporas: Ethnic groups that acquired the states of their mother's ethnic group as a result of the collapse of the USSR. This happened with Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Moldovans, Armenians and other peoples. The phenomenon of the post-Soviet diaspora causes the ambivalence of their collective identities, which only now are beginning to manifest their diaspora orientation requiring the establishment of stable ties with their historical homeland.

This fact is mediated by the current development of ethno-social processes in the regions in question, which is explained by their border position (Kolosova, 2016), close proximity to conflict zones (primarily south-eastern Ukraine) and post-conflict areas (the region of Southern Caucasus), the involvement in the orbit of the international political process (Syrian refugees, including those from the Circassian diaspora of the Middle East), the internal post-Soviet ethnopolitical crisis, the model of transformation of the national and migration policy of Russia at the present time.

The post-Soviet diasporas and their national and cultural associations faced the need to fulfil the role of an independent subject of political process articulating the positions of the people, including on international affairs (Bedrik, 2016). In this regard, the role of national cultural associations has increased not only as a factor of preserving ethnic identity, but also as an actor of the state national policy, which is stipulated by the goals of the State National Policy Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period until 2025 approved by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation (Garant, 2012).

The purpose of this article is to study the influence of the current trends and the contradictions of socio-cultural reproduction of the Slavic Diasporas in the South of Russia, as well as the influence of the contemporary agenda of international relations on the state of interethnic interactions. The factors that determine these processes of socio-cultural reproduction of the Slavic Diasporas in the region are the following:

* The degree of cultural and social distance of the group and its representatives to the ethnically prevailing part of the population in the regional society (Comay, 2000);

* The level of institutionalization of the community and its incorporation into the activities of official institutions (consultative, public-state, etc.) (Fischer-Lescano, 2012);

* The nature of international relations between the country of citizenship of representatives of the diaspora and its historical homeland/state of the "ethnic core" (Visram, 2002);

* Articulation in the public discourse and the media of ethnic phobias and stereotypes, which forms the information environment of interethnic communication, determines the possibilities for consolidation and the risks of confrontation (Gottschlich, 2008). …

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