Comparative Study of Achievement Motivation and Self-Concept of Secondary School Students

By Dinesh, Naik P.; Kiran, Ahirrao D. | Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, March 2018 | Go to article overview

Comparative Study of Achievement Motivation and Self-Concept of Secondary School Students


Dinesh, Naik P., Kiran, Ahirrao D., Indian Journal of Positive Psychology


High school education stage plays a significant role in the quest to develop the nation's future manpower for rapid development (Quist, 2003). High school education plays the vital role in the foundation for higher education. It becomes indispensable to develop human resource from the early stages of human life. Over the years, behavioural scientists have noticed that some people have an intense desire for achievement of something, while others may not concern about their achievements. This phenomenon has attracted a lot of discussions and debates. It has been observed that people with a high level of achievement motivation exhibit certain characteristics. Motivating students to learn in school, colleges have become a topic of great concern for educationist and psychologists today. Lack of motivation is a big barrier in learning and a pertinent cause in the deterioration of educational standards.

Achievement motivation is a primary condition to achieve something. It is a strong motive characterized by ambition, high level of energy, strong desire for independence. It is a stable learned characteristic in which satisfaction comes from striving for and achieving a level of excellence. Achievement Motivation is a consistent striving force of an individual to achieve success to certain standard of excellence in competing situation. In this modern age achievement is considered to be a key factor for personal and social progress. The whole system of education revolves round academic achievements of students in the school.

Murray (1938) defined achievement motivation, "as a desire to accomplish something difficult, to overcome obstacles and attain a high standard, to excel oneself'.

McClelland (1985) has been defined achievement motivation as, "the extent to which individuals differ in their need to strive to attain rewards, such as physical satisfaction, praise from others and feelings personal mastery".

Achievement motivation is an inner force to achieve possessions in life. The one with high level of achievement motivation is likely to have a high level of confidence and positive self concept.

Self-concept is an organization of beliefs about the self. Self-concept is individuals overall perception of their abilities, behaviour and personality. It is a set of ideas about oneself: who you are as a person, and your place in the world, society, and the lives of people around you. Self concept is an important phenomenon for a healthy and sound personality of an individual. Raimy (1943) defined the self-concept, "the self-concept is the more or less organized perceptual object resulting from present and past self observation... (i.e.,) what a person believes about him.

Self concept is a dominant element in personality. It is an individual believes about himself or herself including the person's attributes and who and what the self is". Self concept is an organized collection of believes about the self. These believes about the self also called self schemas are developed from past experiences and are concerned with once personality threat, abilities, physical features, values, goal, social roles.

Statement ofthe problem

A Comparative study of Achievement Motivation and Self- Concept among Secondary School Students.

Significance ofthe problem

Achievement motivation and self concept plays equally important role in education system. Higher achievement motivation increase level of academic achievement and high academic achievement might play vital develops positive self concept and confidence among students.

Self-concept is considered by many researchers as the central theme of life which affects all relationships, performances and achievements either positively or negatively. The basic assumption is that individuals who feel good about themselves and their abilities are the ones who are most likely to succeed. Academic success or failure appears to be as deeply rooted in concept of self as it is in measured mental ability. …

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