Qualitative Research for Educational Science Researchers: A Review of an Introduction to Qualitative Research

By Kılıçoglu, Ali | The Qualitative Report, April 2018 | Go to article overview

Qualitative Research for Educational Science Researchers: A Review of an Introduction to Qualitative Research


Kılıçoglu, Ali, The Qualitative Report


The chief goal of scientific research is to observe and find an answer to the problem methodically and analytically. Therefore, a scientific research process involves steps such as identifying the problem, reviewing the literature, defining the population and sampling, developing the research instrument, collecting and analyzing the data. The last step of a scientific research process is reporting the results. Researchers are generally into quantitative and qualitative research methods. However, some researchers are working on both quantitative and qualitative research methods together. While quantitative research methods are connected with numeric data, qualitative research methods are, in general, related to verbal data. Qualitative research methods are becoming favorites especially in social sciences and educational sciences as well.

Flick (2014) points out that new methods and approaches are showing up in qualitative research. As a result of these developments, new books or articles on qualitative research can be seen a lot such as in the fifth edition of his popular book, An Introduction to Qualitative Research, published by SAGE Publications in 2014. This newest edition has seven parts and each part is composed of thirty-one chapters in total. Some chapters of this fifth edition have been moved and discussed in other parts. Although the fourth edition was composed of eight parts, the fifth edition has seven parts. Therefore, this edition has been updated concisely.

Each chapter starts with chapter objectives. With chapter objectives, the readers will learn what they should have learned before and what they will learn after reading the chapter. In various chapters, the author provides the readers with boxes where they can see various functions such as advice or examples. The most important feature of the book is the section of case studies and checklists. Case studies, reflected in the parts of the book, help the readers find a solution to special problems or questions. Checklists, which are at the end of many chapters, are as helpful as the exercises and key questions in the chapters. In this way, the readers will have a chance to review what they have learned in the chapter.

The first part of the book is framework. This part contains five chapters (chapters one to five). The titles of these chapters are Guide to this Book, Qualitative Research: Why and How to Do İt, Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Approaches to Qualitative Research and Ethics of Qualitative Research. These chapters are discussed in order to guide the researchers and readers on how to use this book efficiently. In addition to this, the first part attaches importance to know-how details in qualitative research so that researchers can learn the methods about how to combine their qualitative research with quantitative research. The fifth chapter of this part is very crucial in terms of the ethics of the qualitative research. The third, fourth and fifth chapters include checklists for the readers so that they can check themselves with questions prepared by the author. The second part is about the theory in qualitative research. This part consists of three chapters (chapters from six to eight). This part is about the details on using the existing literature, theories and methodologies in qualitative research. The readers and researchers can see the relation between text and realities. The chapters in this part end with checklists and guideline questions for the readers as well. …

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