Relationship between Attitudes of Prospective Teachers and Their Academic Achievements in Teacher Educational Programs in Baluchistan, Pakistan

By Karim, Khadija; Ayub, Alia et al. | The Journal of Educational Research, July 1, 2017 | Go to article overview

Relationship between Attitudes of Prospective Teachers and Their Academic Achievements in Teacher Educational Programs in Baluchistan, Pakistan


Karim, Khadija, Ayub, Alia, Khurshid, Khalid, Akram, Mohammad, The Journal of Educational Research


Introduction

The term 'attitude' has been defined in various ways, such as, attitude is derived from the Latin root which means small set of concepts involving preferences (Cunningham, 2010). It is said to be the mental readiness for any act in the perspective of social psychology. It states the observable attitudes and believes of human beings. It tells what the thinking of each human being is, how they respond and what they do. It can be said that attitude is the propensity of to reply to an object and condition, whether favorable and unfavorable. According to Britt (1958), it is a set of responses which is related with the mental state. Allport (1999) a reacting in a specific way of consistent towards certain things, people or conceptions. Attitude is the state of mind which determines how an individual interacts with the world around him (Fishbein 1967).

Attitude is a mental characteristic. It is simply defined that the attitude is a feeling for as well against something. Furthermore, Allport (1935) provided some insight when he says that the popularity of the attitude concept is not difficult to explain. It has come into favor, first of all, because it is not the property of any one psychological school of thought. In continuation of different studies Cunnighan (2010) commented that it is a concept which escapes the ancient controversy concerning the relative influence of heredity and environment. Eagly & Chaiken (1998) provide an excellent review about the attitude and its impact upon achievement of students during their studies at different level. Also, it worth noted that is overlapped when consider its relation achievement and performance in their course of study (Petty &Wegener (1998a). Another research area beyond the scope of this chapter is the extensive work on intergroup attitudes and stereotypes (Brewer & Brown 1998, Fiske 1998).

Characteristics of Attitude

Analysis of the above definitions shows that attitude has certain characteristics.

a) Attitudes are not inherited but they are learnt.

b) The word attitude involved various aspects of personality as interests, appreciation and social conduct.

c) Attitude is a feeling towards an object, person, task, idea, activity or situation.

d) It is a result of experience and interaction.

e) Attitudes are effective and they vary in intensity.

If the teacher has the qualities such as motivation, energetic and zeal than the teaching learning process takes place appropriately and also become beneficial for the students. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the attitudes of prospective teachers and their academic achievement, enrolled in ADE /B.Ed. (Hons.) Program in Baluchistan.

Literature Review

A vigorous change is needed to transform classical teacher education program to the broader concept for the professional development of teachers. A prominent base is required to shape the personalities of student-teachers. This is the teacher education program which shape and boost up the expertise for efficient future teachers (UNESCO, 2004). The importance of teaching is increasing day by day. It has been said that the content and curriculum is made very well by every institution but the main thing is how well the information are delivered. For this purpose, the rained teacher is required, and it cannot be done without their support. (Sünbül, 2001, p. 224). The quality of teacher education and the quality of teaching is dependent on each other. More advanced professional teachers will be produced if the standard of teacher education institutions remains high. But there is a lack of such trainings and skills (Manchala, 2007). There are different cultures and societies which demand for good education and training of teachers because as the time passes new and advanced methods of teaching and teachers role are identified (Şimşek, 2012).

Attitudes are designed by straight practice as well as by implied learning and may imitate personality (Zimbardo & Lieppe, 1991). …

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