Role of Female Teachers in Personality Development of Secondary School Students in Lahore: A Quantitative Exploration

By Malik, Misbah; Fatima, Ghulam et al. | The Journal of Educational Research, July 1, 2017 | Go to article overview

Role of Female Teachers in Personality Development of Secondary School Students in Lahore: A Quantitative Exploration


Malik, Misbah, Fatima, Ghulam, Chaudhry, Abid Hussain, The Journal of Educational Research


Introduction

One of the prime aims of education is to create complete individuals capable of manifesting their full potential. But these day's most of the education systems are emphasizing more on the cognitive aspect of students than other personality traits which are necessary for success in practical life. Teachers effect their students" personality in many ways: students follow the method of their teachers to everyday problems; they follow teachers' point of views and the manners their teacher' adopt. So, teachers' play an important role in the personality development of their students other than the subjects they teach. This study has been conducted to identify the extent to which teachers' influence students' personality development in school.

Considering discipline in educational environments is one of the important educational goals, to which the schools' administrators give special attention and priority. As a result, the students' educational behavior and activity is determined (Houghton et al., 1990; Galloway & Rongers, 1994). Discipline in students' activity and in their daily life can be a basis for the achievement and pleasure and consequently flourish their lives (Seyf & Hossein, 1998). Students spend numerous hours in school during a school year and their high interaction with their teachers has a great influential impact on shaping their personality and behavior which is a source of their educational advancement.

Teaching, on the other hand, is the process in which the individual develops talents (obtained during the education phase) in proportion to their capacity (Karsli, 2007). The most important factor in education and teaching activities is the teacher. A teacher, in the most general terms, is a person working in educational institutes who enables students to achieve cognitive, sensory and behavioral aim and gains within the range determined by the educational system (Gundogdu & Silman, 2007).

According to Ahmad (2017) teachers' role is not only confined to the transfer of knowledge but he goes far beyond it. Intentional or unintentionally teachers relate their teachings with social values they think are important. And ultimately their own personality and believes effect their students' personality development. Research on teachers' personality is based on the assumption that the teacher as a person is a significant figure in the teaching-learning process and effects students in a strong way. Teachers' personality influences the personality of their students in diverse ways, such as in interaction with students, method selected for teaching and students' learning experiences.

To effective influence on students' personality, teachers need to focus on students' personality development while conducting instructional activities. Students' personality development gets profound effect from teacher's intent even if there is no formal communication between them (Arif, Rashid, Tahira, & Akhter, 2012). The contemporary education in these days not only places the responsibility of becoming effective in students' intellectual development but also the personal development is exclusively on the shoulder of the teachers. The accomplishment of this liability is merely feasible through the teacher's focus on the endorsement of healthy personality values not only among themselves but also by developing effectiveness in their relations with students in order to allow them to develop their personality generously (Can, 2011; Inelmen, 2011).

Many of the aspects of teachers' role on students' cognitive development and academic achievement have been investigated by the researchers, since there is a scarcity of the research to identify role of teachers in students' personality development in our local context. This study was designed to identify teachers' role in students' personality development. More specifically it investigated the students' perception regarding focus of their teachers on their personal and social traits. …

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