Lackawanna College Students to Participate in Hemp Research Project to Test If Plant Can Grow in Coal Waste

By Lockwood, Jim | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA), May 27, 2018 | Go to article overview

Lackawanna College Students to Participate in Hemp Research Project to Test If Plant Can Grow in Coal Waste


Lockwood, Jim, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)


SCRANTON, Pa. - Hemp is coming to Lackawanna County.

The state recently awarded a hemp research permit to Lackawanna College and the nonprofit U.S. Ecological Advanced Research & Conservation Hub in Mayfield for the two entitites to grow and explore potential industrial uses of hemp, the college announced.

Hemp cultivation and research will take place at the Northeast Environmental Technology Center greenhouse and lab in Mayfield. Students from Lackawanna College's new Sustainable Agriculture program will participate in the research and work.

The hemp initiative will have a decidedly Northeast Pennsylvania focus by tapping into the area's mining past.

The research will test whether hemp can grow with acid mine water irrigation and on land containing culm, or coal waste.

If successful, hemp could help remediate old environmental problems and provide a new agricultural growth path, said Dan Summa, executive director of USEARCH.

Researchers will tap acid mine water from a well drilled deep under the property to learn whether hemp can grow with tainted and reclaimed mine water, Mr. Summa said.

Some hemp seedlings started in the lab and greenhouse will be transplanted into nearby culm land to determine if hemp can thrive in the old coal waste dirt.

The research will ask, "Can we grow [hemp] using abandoned acid mine water, or cleaned up acid mine drainage water, and can we grow it on compromised [culm] soil," Mr. Summa said.

"That's going to be the challenge, to see if we can grow it in culm land," said Ray Angeli of the Northeast Environmental Technology Center.

High hopes

Hemp also will be planted in a half-acre field plot on the center's site.Planting is not yet underway because researchers are still trying to obtain hemp seeds with federal approval.

They believe the research project could be a step toward bringing an environmentally sustainable product back to the American landscape and restoring it as an agricultural and economic boon.

"We have high hopes for it," Mr. Angeli said. "And, that's what the research will do. The research will [presumably] say it grows here; and then let the agricultural industry take it from there."

Once prevalent in America, hemp has been used for thousands of years globally as a source of fiber and food. A versatile plant, hemp is relatively easy to grow and adaptable to many different climate and soil conditions.

In Colonial times and early America, Pennsylvania produced large hemp crops, used for products ranging from rope to cloth to paper to sails. Oil from hemp seeds was used in paints, varnishes and soaps. George Washington grew hemp on his farms.

Hemp was grown commercially in the United States until the 1930s, when it was curtailed by the Marijuana Tax Act. It was outlawed in 1970 by the Controlled Substances Act.

But hemp and marijuana are different varieties of cannabis and differ in key respects. Marijuana has high levels of the psychoactive plant chemical delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the agent that produces a high.

Hemp has only trace amounts of THC, or less than three-tenths of 1 percent. A person cannot get high from hemp.

"The best way to think about it is they're in the same family, but entirely different, like a chimpanzee and a human," Mr. Summa said.

The Drug Enforcement Agency and Food and Drug Administration still consider hemp a Schedule 1 substance, and therefore illegal. Seeds cannot be brought in from other states. Pennsylvania has received federal approval for importation of hemp seeds from other countries for approved research projects.

The 2014 federal farm bill opened the door to limited legal growth of industrial hemp as part of agricultural research pilot programs. The law provided a research framework and instructed states to build their own regulatory programs. As a result, hemp laws may vary from state to state.

25,000 uses

Hemp's nascent revival stems from Pennsylvania's Industrial Hemp Research Act of 2016, which allows individual growers and higher education institutions contracting with the state Department of Agriculture to apply for permits to grow industrial hemp for research. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Lackawanna College Students to Participate in Hemp Research Project to Test If Plant Can Grow in Coal Waste
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.