Logical Thinking and Spiritual Projections in Ioan Biriª's Philosophy

By Lucaci, Florea | Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, Summer 2018 | Go to article overview

Logical Thinking and Spiritual Projections in Ioan Biriª's Philosophy


Lucaci, Florea, Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies


In professor loan Biriş's case, an initial list of achievements, occasioned by the anniversary of a beautiful age, involves using the Augustinian concept of the present in the past. The concept denotes the way professor Biriş's thinking is alive and creative, and also how he gives himself spiritually to his friends and to his collaborators. To him, the connection between reason and moral law has always been the base for his relationship with his undergrads as well as with the Master and PhD students. Under his guidance, many generations loved philosophy, learnt the science of rationale and the value of truth. We may say that in his identity we find life principles that ancient philosophers provided in the famous definitions of philosophy.

Ioan Biriş may be defined and recognized by his ideas that nourish books, studies and his entire scientific activity. His presence may be identified in a few areas of interest, namely in analytical philosophy, ontology, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, and applied logic. If we look at numbers, we note that he is the author of 12 books, 150 studies and conference papers, he participated in world philosophy congresses in Boston (1998), Istambul (2003), Seul (2008), Athens (2013), in five congresses organized by l'Association des Sociétés de Philosophie de Langue Française, in 59 national and international scientific symposia, he was associate professor at the University of Padova, he received seven awards and important distinctions, etc. His CV has the data of an active philosopher, with significant contributions to the clarification of theoretical issues in the philosophy of science, of social science, in ontology and the philosophy of religion.

Obviously, a simple numeric calculation of his activity is not sufficient. To know Ioan Biriş better, to know his way of thinking and how he reconstructs conceptually the existential areas constituting this world, we have to follow the thematic of a few ideas. Related to this subject, we note his respect for the good philosophical tradition, as well as his concern with renewing discourse and with new solutions in the current context. In this sense, to him, at the base of reconstruction lies an essential concept, that of totality, a concept integrated in all his books and studies. The presence of this concept is tied to his belief in the legitimacy of „philosophical vocation" as a cognition instrument by which we understand „the great secrets of existence" (Biriş 2007, 4).

Actually, the concept itself, as a nucleus of any theory, was a topic for research in two of the most recent books by Ioan Biriş. In Conceptele ştiinţei he seeks to clarify the very idea of concept, proposing „potential typologies of scientific concepts" (Biriş 2010, 10). In another book, Filosofia şi logica ştiinţelor sociale, he presents an original solution, respectively, having established the major issues and „a typology of socio-cultural integrations," he links them with one of the adequate forms of „partitive logic." It is about meleologic, holologic and holomeric logics. Finally, developing Noica's theory, he submits that „partitive logic under holomeric form is the most adequate to explain spiritual and social life." (Biriş 2014, 13).

Even these brief references indicate the goals pursued by Ioan Biriş. He did not choose the pleasant literary genre of essays, but a hard, truly philosophical way. Thus, he positions himself in terms of an order of the logical, which is typical of analytic philosophy. „Either you start from concept, or you end with it. Modernity has this sole justification, that it ends with the concept" (Noica 1991, 206). Clear delineation of a theory based on a well defined concept is an authentic way to legitimize the philosophical discourse genesis. On this subject of synthesizing the reality of facts in a concept wrote John Stuart Mill (Mill 1930, 194). Therefore, in an empiricist view, under rigorous logic control, a gradual abstractization process starts for a unitary integrating vision. …

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