Sports Culture in South Asia: Effects of Modern Bowling Action Rules on Cricket, an Information Technology Perspective

By Abid, Adnan; Hassan, Bilal et al. | South Asian Studies, January-June 2018 | Go to article overview

Sports Culture in South Asia: Effects of Modern Bowling Action Rules on Cricket, an Information Technology Perspective


Abid, Adnan, Hassan, Bilal, Abid, Kamran, Farooq, Uzma, Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib, Naeem, Muhammad Azhar, South Asian Studies


Introduction

Cricket is probably a game with maximum numbers of its players and viewers from South Asian region(Gupta, 2004). The game is a sport played between two teams. Each team has 11 players with different roles, like batsma'n bowlers, wicket keeper and all-rounders etc. ("Dates in cricket history," 1978).

For now, we are dealing with the role of a bowler in the game of cricket. Over the years, many different bowling styles like underarm, roundarm and overarm etc. became the part of game. Some of these styles were banned by the cricket governing council, the ICC, while the rest are in practice today. The styles which are found in today's game are round arm and overarm styles(Bowen, 1970).

The emergence of these bowling styles also produced many controversies termed as throwing or chucking. The issue of throwing or chucking is actually an attempt to impart the ball with an extra speed/velocity("Throwing in Cricket," 2016). A debate of legal versus illegal bowling action started. There were many bowlers who faced bans from couple of weeks to years long("List of International Cricketers called for Throwing," 2016).

Initially, it was completely the responsibility of field umpires to monitor the bowling action of a bowler. Whenever, umpires found someone accused of straightening his arm, simply a restriction of bowling applied on him, sometimes resulted in terms of ending his career("ICC Rules & Regulations," 2016). Apart from that, as new bowling styles emerged, new controversies about them emerged and finally, the laws to remedy these controversies were also constituted. In simple words, throwing or chucking never ended in its essence ever. There are multiple reasons for it("Throwing in Cricket," 2016).

Finally, the laws to stop throwing were reshaped in 1990 when aid from the field of human biomechanics were used to constitute a new set of bowling action laws ("Throwing in Cricket," 2016). In our study, we have discussed the biomechanics and its rules related to bowling action (Knudson, 2007).

As South Asian cricket is our major agenda item here, that is why, we have studied South Asian bowlers with suspect action post 1990. They study is aimed to discern the impact either positive or negative of these laws on South Asian bowlers. What initiatives South Asian cricket bodies have taken to make these laws applicable at domestic level? What are the standings of South Asian cricket in illegality issue with respect to the rest of the world?

We have studied multiple aspects about the bowlers reported from South Asian region in post 1990 period, like number of reported and banned cases from South Asia, how many bowlers belong's to each of ICC full time South Asian member, number of times a particular bowler reported or banned with its current status and international formats attended by a banned bowler before and after ban.

In modern era of game, the ICC has also provided the bowlers with illegal action, an opportunity to review their bowling action instead of straight forward ban(Committee, 2015). The ICC current procedure of reviewing bowlers with illegal action is also a part of our discussion and the facilities provided by the ICC for this purpose, like affiliation with biomechanics based laboratories in various ICC full time member countries.

Finally, it has been planned to make a new contribution in this particular domain. It is also intended to introduce a new technology for this purpose details of which is presented in coming section. In our opinion, it will be a low cost solution for South Asian region affordable at domestic level.

The whole work is divided in multiple sections. The section II discusses the biomechanics and its relevance to bowling action, particularly, key terminologies for bowling action evaluation. A summary of bowlers reported or banned from South Asia is part of section III. The section IV discusses the ICC procedure to review suspected bowling action cases and current facilities available for this purpose. …

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