Today in History - Dec. 27

The Canadian Press, December 14, 2018 | Go to article overview

Today in History - Dec. 27


Today in History - Dec. 27

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Today in History for Dec. 27:

On this date:

In 1571, Johannes Kepler, the German astronomer who confirmed Copernicus' theory that the Earth and planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits, was born.

In 1610, 40-year-old explorer Samuel de Champlain, married 12-year-old Helen Boulle in Paris.

In 1773, Sir George Cayley, an English pioneer in aerodynamics who built the first glider to be successfully flown by man, was born.

In 1789, the first stagecoach service in Upper Canada (now Ontario) began between Queenston and Fort Erie.

In 1822, French chemist Louis Pasteur was born. He discovered that micro-organisms cause fermentation and infection, and later developed a vaccine for rabies.

In 1823, Sir Mackenzie Bowell, one of only two Canadians to be prime minister while sitting in the Senate, was born. A Conservative, he was prime minister from 1894 to 1896. Dissatisfaction with his leadership, partly over such issues as the Manitoba schools question, forced Bowell's resignation on April 27, 1896. He died in 1917.

In 1831, naturalist Charles Darwin set out on a round-the-world voyage aboard "HMS Beagle."

In 1845, ether was administered during childbirth for the first time in Jefferson, Georgia. Dr. C.W. Long used it during the delivery of his wife's second child.

In 1867, provincial legislatures in Ontario and Quebec held their first sessions, the first provinces to do so following Confederation.

In 1869, the first issue of the "Ottawa Free Press" was published.

In 1900, U.S. prohibitionist Carrie Nation staged her first hatchet raid on a saloon. She marched into a hotel bar in Wichita, Kan., smashed bottles and threw rocks at a nude painting of Cleopatra.

In 1927, Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, marking a victory by Josef Stalin in their power struggle.

In 1942, a collision between a troop train and a passenger train in Almonte, Ont., killed 36 people and injured 200.

In 1945, foreign ministers from the so-called "Big Three" -- Britain, the U.S. and the Soviet Union -- agreed in Moscow to establish international control of atomic energy.

In 1945, 28 nations signed an agreement creating the World Bank.

In 1949, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed an act granting sovereignty to Indonesia after more than 300 years of Dutch rule.

In 1958, American physicist James Van Allen reported the discovery of a second radiation belt around the Earth, in addition to one found earlier in the year.

In 1968, "Apollo 8" and its three astronauts made a safe, nighttime splashdown in the Pacific.

In 1972, Lester B. Pearson, prime minister from 1963-68, died in Ottawa at age 75. Serving first as deputy minister and then as minister of external affairs, Pearson was instrumental in the formation of the United Nations and of NATO. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for proposing a UN peacekeeping force to ease the British and French out of Egypt. It was also the Pearson government that brought in the Canada Pension Plan, a national medicare system and the Maple Leaf flag. …

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