Factor Structure of Physical Development, Physical Workability and Specific Preparedness of 8-Year-Old School Children

By Petkova, Miroslava; Aleksieva, Milena | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, November 2018 | Go to article overview

Factor Structure of Physical Development, Physical Workability and Specific Preparedness of 8-Year-Old School Children


Petkova, Miroslava, Aleksieva, Milena, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

The standard teaching of basketball fundamentals in schools reveals that the methodology laid down in the physical education and sports program is not up to date. The requirements of the modern basketball game are related to the provision of game-based training in which movements, variations and games play a key role. The activities involving 7-11-year-old children have to be conducted in a positive emotional environment that is natural to the game activity (Alexieva, Petkova, 2016).

Purpose of the study

The aim of this research is to reveal the factor structure and to identify the main factors of the physical development, physical workability and specific preparedness of 8-year-old school children after the application of the game approach to teaching basketball.

The tasks set out in the course of the research in order to achieve this aim are as follows:

1. Examination of the condition of the main signs providing information about the physical development, physical workability and specific preparedness of the school children included in this research.

2. Disclosure of the factor structure and identification of the main factors of the physical development, physical workability and specific preparedness of 8-year-old school children after the application of the game approach to teaching basketball.

Scientific research and a work hypothesis

The basketball education in the initial stage of educational degree is not always successful, as most of the time the sport pedagogues are sticking to the already implemented working stereotypes and do not take into account the favorable conditions, which the game approach offers. It's necessary for ways to be found to apply in teaching practices on the fundamental technical and tactical actions from the basketball game through the meanings of direct and indirect method and combining them both.

This is an objective argument to compile the below work hypothesis:

The research and implementation of the game approach in the basketball education will positively affect the physical development, the physical capability and the specific preparedness of students in their initial stage of educational degree.

Methodology of the study

The subject of this research is the signs of the physical development, physical capacity and specific preparedness of school children from the initial stage of primary education.

The sample size of the research was 15 eight-year-old school children. The experimental group participated in game-based basketball training. The games were carefully selected according to the anatomophysiological and psycho-pedagogical features of the children and the objectives of the training (Petkova, Alexieva, 2013). The sports educational experiment was conducted in the school year 2014-2015 with students from Primary School "Pencho Slaveikov" in the town of Veliko Tarnovo.

There are 14 indicators reflecting the situation of the studied groups in relation to the physical development, physical workability and specific preparedness which are subject to factorization, and they are as follows: 1. Height; 2. Body weight; 3. BMI; 4. Horizontal stretch; 5. Vertical stretch; 6. Standing long jump offtwo feet; 7. Vertical jump offtwo feet; 8. Running 10m from high start; 9. Solid ball shooting - 1 kg; 10. Tilt depth; 11. Two-handed chest pass against the wall; 12. Running between stands; 13. Dribble between stands; 14. Index 13-12.

Mathematical and statistical processing of the data

The mathematical and the statistical processing of the data from the testing are done on a personal computer with the help of the standard programs SPSS 19 and MicrosoftExcel.

Results

Taking into account the extent of changes in the factor structure, we can judge the efficiency of the conducted impact (Tsarova, Alexieva, 2009). Prior to the experiment, the 14 variables monitored among the 8- year-olds were separated into 4 factors (Fig. …

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