Analysis of Urdu Language Collection in University Libraries of Lahore, Pakistan

By Hussain, Iftikhar; Chaudhry, Dr Muhammad Shahzad et al. | Library Philosophy and Practice, December 2018 | Go to article overview

Analysis of Urdu Language Collection in University Libraries of Lahore, Pakistan


Hussain, Iftikhar, Chaudhry, Dr Muhammad Shahzad, Sulehri, Imran Ghaffar, Library Philosophy and Practice


Background of the Study

According to the factual evidences, the information communication system began with the birth of human kind on the earth. Purpose of the communication was, is and will be to present one's views, feelings, information, knowledge, thinking and so on to others. In the beginning, the oldest source of communication was gestures. Then with the passage of time and development of the world, sources of communication developed, expanded and man learnt to speak for communication. Presently there are so many sources of communication exist in the world such as gestures, body language, written communication, verbal communication, symbols and so on.

In the beginning of 15th century with the invention of printing press the source of written communication emerged on a broad way as earlier this source was used at very minor level. During the previous centuries after 1405 the written communication adopted the shape of books which are considered as major sources of information, knowledge as well as source of communication. Ameen (2005) stated that the objective of the writing was to preserve and conserve the human communication and knowledge. In this regard the books have always an important value for the dissemination of information and learning.

Libraries always considered the places where knowledge and sources of communications kept safe for the followers. Library of Alexandria and library of Ashurbanipal are historical examples which contains the information, communication and knowledgeable material in form of clay tablets, cuneiforms and leather skins.

Now libraries are serving as social institutions which are providing information according to the users' need and preserve human knowledge for future generations. In the academic settings libraries are imparting much more in the dissemination of information and communication. Libraries hold collections in various languages but, as the Urdu is National Language in Pakistan therefore, this study is being conducted to explore the real situation of the library collection in Urdu language in the public sector university libraries of Lahore, user satisfaction with the available Urdu language collection and the convenience level with the material in Urdu or English as well as the hurdle faced by the libraries in the acquisition of library material in Urdu language. This study will also endeavor to discover the library collections in Urdu Language in the academic libraries so that importance of the Urdu collections may be gauged in the academia with respect to the user's preference, satisfaction and perception.

Languages in Pakistan

In Pakistan there are many languages exist like Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashtu, Saraiki and Urdu etc. but Urdu Language is the National Language of Pakistan while other languages are considered as Mother Languages. Nizamani et al. (2016) defined mother language as a language that a child acquired in a natural setting. A large number of books, journals, magazines, newspapers etc. are being published all over the world in Urdu language for the sake of information and knowledge transfer. A special attention is being awarded to Urdu Language in our country. Initial education is being awarded in national language (Urdu) while higher education in international language (English).

Struggles and Movements for the Adoption of Urdu Language in Pakistan

Many struggles and movements had been started for the promotion and adoption of Urdu language as official language in the country as currently English is being used in offices and for educational purposes in various schools, colleges and universities as well offices. One of the movements was "Save Urdu Movement (^íj^ j^j')". It was a nationwide movement in Pakistan. This movement was especially started for safeguarding Urdu education in schools. The aim of this movement was to made Urdu as a universal language and also stressed that Urdu language must be considered cultural and political identity of the Muslims in British raaj (Urdu movement, 2017). …

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Analysis of Urdu Language Collection in University Libraries of Lahore, Pakistan
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