Prioritizing the Effective Factors on Knowledge Commercialization Using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process: A Case Study

By Biranvand, Ali; Seif, Hassan | Library Philosophy and Practice, December 2018 | Go to article overview

Prioritizing the Effective Factors on Knowledge Commercialization Using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process: A Case Study


Biranvand, Ali, Seif, Hassan, Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

Economic evolutions and the reduction of public research funding have led to academic reforms in many countries to increase the commercialization of research results. In recent decades, universities played a more important role in the invention and innovation process. And along it, new perspectives on the role of the university in knowledge production system, the old mission of universities meaning education and research, have changed gradually, and have undertaken a "third mission" titling commercial activities, including inventions, licensing and company establishment(Baldini, 2006a). At present, the universities are expected not only to support and maintain the economic growth, but also to play a role in creation of economic growth through production of new knowledge, human capital, licensing innovation, and creating new companies.

Formation of expectations about the direct participation of universities in economic growth, allowing universities to grant patents, and establishing technology transfer offices are examples of reforming the process of knowledge commercialization.(Etzkowitz, Webster, Gebhardt, j Terra, 2000) have explained academic revolution as the acceptance of the commercialization function of knowledge as one of the main tasks of universities. In fact, the academic revolution led the universities to knowledge commercialization, opportunism, and the nature of entrepreneurship, and caused the emergence and growth of fourth-generation universities according to the knowledge-based economy.

Since higher education is one of the main infrastructures of the development of each country, paying attention to higher education is always one of the important concerns of decision-makers and planners in each society. Because paying attention to the commercialization of research results is one of the manifestations of accepting the importance and position of science and technology and its effect on the economic, social and cultural development of societies.

Nowadays, the intervention of universities into knowledge commercialization has become a necessity from being an advantage. This will be achieved when there is an effective relation and communication between the university and industry. Considering the infrastructures and common opinions in every society (universities and research centers), recognition of effective factors on the knowledge commercialization as well as prioritizing these factors requires conducting research with the priority of localization of commercialization patterns. Therefore, the present study tends to introduce the prioritization of the effective factors on the knowledge commercialization using the fuzzy hierarchy process by examining the opinions of experts in the knowledge commercialization field at Isfahan University.

Literature Review

Commercializing the academic knowledge includes the economic usage of intellectual properties (Rasmussen, Moen, j Gulbrandsen, 2006). For the first time, the academic knowledge commercialization entered the Economic Development Program of United States in the 1980s and then it was expanded into European countries in the 1990s.

The American model of knowledge commercialization is based on an entrepreneurial university model that contributes in technology transfer through a patent and establishing a new company (Etzkowitz, 2003). Bayh-Dole Act has been a turning point in creation of knowledge commercialization in the United States. After the approval of the Bayh-Dole Act, the US universities increased their efforts in technology transfer, issuing licenses, and investment in new companies. After twenty years, the number of universities that contributed to licensing for technology was eight times more, and the volume of registered inventions of universities increased four times(Mowery j Shane, 2002)

However, Bayh-Dole Act was not the only factor of increasing the commercialization of academic research(Kortum j Lerner, 1999; Mowery, Nelson, Sampat, j Ziedonis, 2001). …

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