A Scenario of Special Libraries and Ict Application in the State of Assam: A Study

By Choudhury, Mrs Tahera Akhtar; MukutorRahman, Md et al. | Library Philosophy and Practice, December 2018 | Go to article overview

A Scenario of Special Libraries and Ict Application in the State of Assam: A Study


Choudhury, Mrs Tahera Akhtar, MukutorRahman, Md, Barooah, Dr P. K., Library Philosophy and Practice


INTRODUCTION:

Special library movement started in the beginning of last century when it was felt that neither academic nor public libraries could satisfy the information need of groups of people working in very specific areas. A special library is a library that provides specialized information resources on a particular subject. Its clientele are specialized and limited and the library delivers specialized services to its user promptly on demand or on anticipation. These libraries are attached to an institution which is working for a particular goal and hence the library works towards fulfillment of the institutional goal as an important organ of the parent institution. It is stated that a special library is not a separate entity, but exists as an integral part of a highly specialized kind of organization whether it be an industrial organization, research or service institution, a trade organization, a government agency or a museum 1.

In a special library environment the users are highly qualified in specific areas of their work. While doing their job they are in need of very specific piece of latest information. Therefore, most of their information requirements are from reference books, hand books, journals, standards, patents, reports, maps, diagrams, state-of-the-art-reports, etc which are generally not in much demand in other types of libraries. These forms of documents are costly and rare and therefore these libraries use to spend huge annual budget for procurement of documents unlike other libraries. Further, these specialized documents may be in various forms, language etc.

In the 21st century, the libraries have started applying technological facilities available in a larger way as it shows prospects in managing the libraries more efficiently. Information Communication Technology has added a wing to the library services. Side by side publication industries globally started to publish their documents in electronic form in a big way. According to an estimate in USA itself 23% of books published in 2016 are in electronic form 3.Electronic journal become much more wide spread and very much important resources in the present century. Since, users of any special library mostly depend on journals for information none of them can afford to avoid subscribing to ejournals 4

Although special libraries generally have huge budget for procurement yet no library can be self-sufficient and can satisfy its clientele cent percent. Demand of information in special libraries attached to R&D organization are mostly from journals published from the country and abroad and library use to spend major portion of its annual budget in acquiring journals. Still there is big gap always exists between demand and supply due to the limitation of budget. Therefore these libraries should evaluate its collection from the point of view of uses so that it can avoid spending limited budgetary resources for unused journals. One of the authors earlier therefore tried to evaluate the current list of journals at NEIST (then RRL, Jorhat) library and was successful in eliminating unused / less used journals so as to accommodate new journals demanded by the users within the available budgetary resource 5. Works of bibliometric analysis were already reported where it has been tried by various workers to bring out ranked list of journals in core areas of research so that library authority may get help in selecting journals to the library within the available budgetary resources and increase percentage of satisfaction of its users from the available collection of the library 6-8. Acquiring electronic journals has become more critical than print only when both are not affordable for libraries due to limitation of budget 9 But these libraries cannot avoid acquiring e-resources as the user community of the present century prefers using documents in electronic form .Seventy five percent readers enjoy the convenience of having a device that can comfortably fit in their hand, weigh as little as 8 ounces, and yet carry the equivalent of 1,000 plus books wherever they go 10. …

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A Scenario of Special Libraries and Ict Application in the State of Assam: A Study
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