Influence of Demographic Characteristics on Utilisation of EIRs by Postgraduate Students in Three Selected Universities in South-West Nigeria

By Diyaolu, Basirat Olubukola | Library Philosophy and Practice, December 2018 | Go to article overview

Influence of Demographic Characteristics on Utilisation of EIRs by Postgraduate Students in Three Selected Universities in South-West Nigeria


Diyaolu, Basirat Olubukola, Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

Electronic information resources are the e-resources acquired by the library to supplement the printed resources that are available in the libraries. These resources are product of ICT which is gradually eroding the traditional method of operating the library services. The emergence of ICT in library operation had transformed the way information is packaged, organised and make available for use by the library patrons. In line with these, it becomes pertinent for the postgraduate student to use the EIRs available in their various universities. This is important because the postgraduate study is more of research activities and the EIRs have ample of information and unique characteristics that is expected to promote its use among the postgraduate students.

Salaam (2008) established that the flexibility of electronic information resources make it more useful in searching for relevant information compared to the printed resources. Electronic information resources can be accessed remotely at any time from different geographical locations. This implies that, EIRs provide users the advantage of accessing, using, and sharing information resources with little or no difficulties. The flexibility of EIRs is capable of promoting its usage among the postgraduate students. But some factors still hindered its usage among the postgraduate students. To this end this study investigated the influence of demographic characteristics on postgraduate students' use of EIRs in selected universities in south-west Nigeria.

Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine the influence of demographic characteristics on the respondent use of electronic information resources in the selected universities. Specific objectives are to:

1. find out the demographic characteristics of the respondents;

2. determine the respondents' level of utilisation of electronic information resources;

3. determine the influence of demographic characteristics of the respondents on their utilisation of EIRs;

Research Questions

The following research questions were answered in the study:

1. What are the demographic characteristics of the respondents?

2. What are respondents' levels of use of electronic information resources?

3. How do demographic characteristics of respondents influence their utilisation of EIRs in the study area?

Research Hypotheses

The following hypothesis was tested in the study:

Hoi: Demographic characteristics of the respondents' do not have significant influence on their utilization of electronic information resources.

Literature review

Demographic characteristics such as age, gender, income, educational level as well as marital status had been found as some of the variables that influence the use of electronic information resources by postgraduate students. Diyaolu, Okunlaya and Ibrahim (2012) studied influence of demographic factors on the use of digital library by the Postgraduate Students in private universities, using Babcock and Covenant University in Ogun State as a case study. The findings revealed that there is a significant influence of age, gender, level of income on the use of internet. Furthermore, it was established in the finding that program of study also influence the use and non-use of digital resources by the postgraduate students. Recommendation was made based on the finding that both the young and old students should be encouraged and sensitized on the benefits available in the use of EIRs resources in order to further encourage their use.

Islam (2011) conducted a study on effect of demographic factors on e-learning effectiveness in a higher learning institution in Malaysia. Level of education, program of study, gender and age were found to have significant influence on effectiveness of e-learning. The implication of this was that the aforementioned demographic variables contributed immensely to the use and non-use of electronic information resources among the students on e-learning. …

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