Social Impact of Corporal Punishment on Students in Public Schools: A Case Study of Selected Boyes Schools in Multan District

By Hussain, Safdar; Muhammad, Niaz | Pakistan Journal of Criminology, October 2017 | Go to article overview

Social Impact of Corporal Punishment on Students in Public Schools: A Case Study of Selected Boyes Schools in Multan District


Hussain, Safdar, Muhammad, Niaz, Pakistan Journal of Criminology


Introduction

Children have been playing a pivotal role in the process of development. They are confronting serious problems in the world particularly in developing countries. These problems include child abuse, child labor and corporal punishment. Among them, corporal punishment is such a serious problem that generates most of the discomforts of a child. When we look around, Corporal Punishment has never been proactive towards the better personality development of a child; rather it has increased the negative effects on his personality. Corporal punishment is being practiced in its diverse forms in almost all parts of Pakistan, mostly in public sector schools in spite of banishment by the government which has caused a great national loss. Nevertheless, the governmental and nongovernmental organizations launched different programs in this regard but did not reach the required results. Croby (2000) observed that corporal punishment makes negative physical and psychological effects on children. Corporal punishment can be exercised through different means like pinching, cracking fingers, slapping, pushing, ear pulling and wrestling holds.

Corporal punishment involves physical punishment that includes intentional infliction of torture and perhaps retribution for doing wrong or else intended to chastising or transforming a wrong doer or to put off behaviors believed to be undesirable. Basically, this concept is meant to punish the wrongdoer with an open hand or with an implement in domestic, educational or judicial settings. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child(2006) defines corporal punishment as: "Any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort, however light."

This study is first of its nature to probe into the social, cultural, economic and psychological impacts of corporal punishment. It is expected to unearth some hidden realities at the back of the issue and that could further be utilized by the concerned quarters looking for the cogent resolution of it. punishment This study can provide an insight to the researchers and social scientists to undertake studies on similar issues from different angles and thus add to the existing body of knowledge on the subject.This study basically focuses on the effects of corporal punishment on scholl students. It is worth-underscoring that the studycontains the view points of children, teachers and parents on the issue.

Objectives of the Study

* To investigate into the nature, kinds and motives of physical punishment against students in sampled district;

* To identify multidimensional impacts of corporal punishment on the affected children, from educational, academic, social, cultural, and psychological aspects;

* To ascertain the socio-economic profile of the teachers inflicting corporal punishment on the students at the sampled schools;

* To investigate the teachers and parents' viewpoint on corporal punishment of students at schools.

* To seek the opinion of victim students on corporal punishment;

Research Questions

* What are the nature, kinds and motives of physical punishment against students in sampled district?

* What are the multidimensional impacts of corporal punishment on students in public schools?

* Are academically and economically weak teachers involved in punishing their students?

* Is corporal punishment socially supported?

* What is the opinion of victim students on corporal punishment?

* Why are the policy and relevant law silent on repeated violation over corporal punishment?

Methodology

This study was designed with the aim to identify the overall impact of corporal punishment in public schools in Pakistan, with a focus on Multan district of the Punjab province. Research method depends on the nature of research problem as well as aim, audience, resource limitations and the personal experiences of the researcher (Creswell, 2003). …

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