A Study on the Path of Internationalization Transformation and Development of Higher Education under the Strategy of "Belt and Road"

By Zhang, Zhouzhou; Chen, Yue | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, October 2018 | Go to article overview

A Study on the Path of Internationalization Transformation and Development of Higher Education under the Strategy of "Belt and Road"


Zhang, Zhouzhou, Chen, Yue, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


"Belt and Road" refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. In March 2015, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments issued the Vision and Action to promote the Construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, It is further clear that "building a community of interests, destiny and responsibility with political mutual trust, economic integration, cultural inclusion" is the development goal, and forms a new pattern of China's all-directional opening to the outside world 4.0. (Kang, 2008) The promotion of "Belt and Road" has adapted to the trend of economic globalization and multipolarization of the world, and has met the common needs of countries and regions along the route. The countries along the route complement each other, open up and cooperate with each other and offer a new stage for international cooperation.

The internationalization of higher education is one of the three core concepts of the development of modern higher education put forward by UNESCO in the 1980s, and it is also one of the core strategies of the development of higher education in various countries. However, there are significant differences in identity, function and benefit-sharing between developed and developing countries, and the entire international ecology is still dominated and controlled by developed countries. (Philip & Atbach, 2006) this process alienates cross-culture, the original meaning of internationalization which combines cross-border concept with individual practice may damage the development of a country's higher education and even erode the sovereignty of a country's higher education. As a back hair in our country, the development mode of higher education in our country must go through a process of transition from late exogenous to late endogenous and then to preemptive endogeny. (Liu, 2012) in this process, the structure of production factors within higher education must also be reorganized. (Wu & Hong, 2013) accordingly, the mission of higher education will also be reconstructed. Undoubtedly, it is urgent to adjust the internationalization mission and its elements of higher education. "shock-reaction" is a logic of the development of higher education in China. (Philip & Atbach, 2006) Belt and Road, as a "shock" element, provides an unprecedented opportunity for the development of higher education in China. "advocated by Belt and Road" The idea of "Community", "the concept of five links", coincides with the ideal of reciprocity in the internationalization of higher education; The social and economic development of the countries along the route of "Belt and Road" and the improvement of the higher education level need a broader market, which provides an opportunity for the element sublimation and mode transformation of the internationalization of higher education.

The Choice of internationalization path of higher Education under the Strategic background of "Belt and Road"

According to Jane, a professor at the University of Toronto, Canada. Knight (Xu & Huang, 2016) (Knight.J) University internationalization Strategy Framework, the internationalization of higher vocational education can be implemented from four aspects: activity path, ability path, reason path, process path and so on. Running Mechanism of M (Management Alliance), in Management Alliance O (Operation Mechanism), Support service S (Support e-Service), talent training T (Talent Development), as shown in figure 1, to promote our "out of" "to" and the strategic upgrade of opening to the outside world 4.0.

Theoretical basis and background of internationalization of higher Education

Higher education plays an increasingly important role in the process of globalization. To understand the internationalization of higher education, the core is to pay attention to the cause of internationalization. "if internationalization does not have a clear set of motivations, without a set of goals and accompanying policies, planning, monitoring and evaluation systems, it will be a great deal," says Jane Knight, a leading international expert in higher education. …

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