Ideological Education of College Students in China: Based on the Distribution Characteristics of Moral Development Stage

By Zhao, Yuping; Xia, Yuwei et al. | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, October 2018 | Go to article overview

Ideological Education of College Students in China: Based on the Distribution Characteristics of Moral Development Stage


Zhao, Yuping, Xia, Yuwei, Chen, Xi, Miao, Xiaohong, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Herbart, the father of education, said: "I can't think of any education without instruction, and just as on the contrary, I do not recognize any instruction without education." Moral education is to promote students' moral cognition, moral emotion, moral will and moral behavior, cultivating students' moral consciousness and forming moral habits (Kohlberg, 1964). Colleges and universities are the last place for many adults to receive ideological education before they enter society. The thoughts of college students are different from those of other age at all levels (Granfield, & Koenig, 1992). The methods of ideological work for college students also need to follow the development of the times and make continuous changes.

The study of moral development has experienced three phases: Piaget, Kohlberg and post-Kohlberg. The theory of moral development at home and abroad has been developing from emphasis on moral cognition and moral reasoning to emphasis on moral emotion and moral personality, as well as from male as the main research object to the gender difference. Up to now, the theory about the stage of moral development at home and abroad is mature (Eisenberg, 2000), and can be applied to the ideological and moral education of colleges and universities.

Contemporary college students are no longer satisfied with accepting the rigid and uniform way of ideological education. Compared with the past, contemporary college students are more individualistic, more self-conscious, more open-minded, and more eager to follow new ideas and trends (Pempek, Yermolayeva, & Calvert, 2009). Under the new era, the contemporary college students have stronger autonomy and independence no matter in personal study or in life. The research on the ideological work strategies of college students is conducive to improving the efficiency of ideological education in colleges and universities, cultivating social members with good personal accomplishment and excellent personality characteristics, promoting the overall development of college students and helping college students to solve practical problems in study and life, so as to keep their mental health in future study or work, establish right outlook on life and value, and even more specifically, the outlook on occupation, consumption and love.

Ideological work refers to the educational themes and methods including ideological education, political education, legal education, moral education and psychological education. The theory of moral development stage in this paper refers to Kohlberg's theory of moral development stage, and other research results based on this theory (Kohlberg & Kramer, 1969). In the past, researchers used the theory of moral development stage to maintain classroom discipline in primary and secondary schools, not to promote the overall development of people. Similarly, research involving specific data and experiments is few. According to the theory of moral development, this paper tries to find out the distribution of moral development level of college students in China. Combining with the characteristics of the times, this paper explores the effective strategies for carrying out college students' ideological work.

The innovation point of this research is that Kohlberg focuses on the moral development level of individuals in time order in his theory, and the research object is mainly male, while this paper studies the distribution characteristics of the moral development level of contemporary college students from the first grade to the fourth grade, and combines the ideological education work carried out in colleges and universities, so as to bring inspiration to the effective ideological education work and the cultivation of contemporary young students.

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development Stage

Kohlberg constructed the theory of moral development in the 1960s along the line of Piaget's study of children's moral judgment (Kohlberg, & Kramer, 1969). …

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