Training Mode of Innovative Talents in Higher Engineering Education in China*

By Chen, Tao | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, December 2018 | Go to article overview

Training Mode of Innovative Talents in Higher Engineering Education in China*


Chen, Tao, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


In China's higher education, engineering education occupies an important position, and the scale of engineering colleges, engineering specialties and engineering students is gradually expanding. In 2016, there were 5.21 million undergraduate engineering students, 1.19 million graduates and 17,037 offerings of the engineering specialties in universities. The number of students in engineering majors accounts for about 1/3 of the total number of students in higher education, so China has the largest engineering education in the world. In the new era, the supply and demand relationship, national demand, international competition environment and resource environment relating to Chinese higher education have undergone great changes. In particular, the development of new economy and the coming of a new round of technology and industrial revolution put forward new requirements for higher engineering education (McKenna, Paretti, McNair & Hixson, 2014; Borrego, Froyd & Hall, 2010).

In 2010, China released the National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development (2010-2020). It is clearly stated in the outline that "It is necessary to follow the law of education and the law of talent growth, deepen education and teaching reform, innovate education and teaching methods and explore various ways of cultivation, to make men of talent come out in succession and top-notch innovative talents constantly emerge in large numbers". Innovation is the soul of a nation and the inexhaustible motive force of a country's prosperity and flourish. In the face of fierce international competition, independent innovation has become the main symbol of the core competitiveness of a country. Innovative talents have become the core of national talent strategy, and the cultivation of innovative talents has become an important historical mission of higher education in China. It is the core task of the current reform of higher engineering education to train and bring up a large number of engineers and technicians with innovative spirit, innovative consciousness and creative ability (Matusovich et al, 2014).

The cultivation of innovative talents has become an important research topic in higher engineering education in China, attracting a large number of scholars to carry out a series of theoretical researches and practical explorations, and some gratifying achievements have been made. Zhang, Wu, Liu & Wang, (2017), Gao and Cheng, (2013), Chen and Zhang, (2012), Xu, Zhang & Liu, (2011) strengthened the practical ability and promoted the cultivation of innovative talents, through the construction of practical teaching system and practical teaching platform. Yang and Chen, (2016), Shi and Li, (2014) constructed systematic discipline competition system and created a full range of academic competition platform, combing with professional features, so as to cultivate talents' practice and innovation ability through discipline competition, and good results have been achieved. Li and Lin, (2011) intensively studied the relationship between academic competition and practical teaching, and combined the two together to realize the cultivation of innovative talents. Ma, Zhang, Fan & Zeng, (2017), Chen (2015) proposed to carry out diversified second classroom activities, improve the operation of the second classroom mechanism, and built the first and second classroom teaching system to effectively improve the training of talent innovation ability. Gao, Teng & Li, (2012) proposed to improve the innovation ability of talents based on the laboratory opening. Cheng & Yang, (2011) explored the synergetic education mechanism based on school-enterprise cooperation through deepening schoolenterprise cooperation and expand the depth and breadth of cooperation, which provided a new way for the cultivation of talent innovation ability.

These studies have played a positive role in the training of creative talents in engineering education from different aspects and angles, and have achieved certain results. …

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