The Innovation Model of Teaching and Human Resource Cultivation in Major of Public Administration in the Process of State Governance Modernization*

By Dong, Qingling | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, December 2018 | Go to article overview

The Innovation Model of Teaching and Human Resource Cultivation in Major of Public Administration in the Process of State Governance Modernization*


Dong, Qingling, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


Public administration is the act of using state power to directly manage social affairs (Wiley-Blackwell., 1984), which exists with the existence of the state. In a broad sense, administration can also refer to the internal administrative affairs management of enterprises or institutions (Vandenabeele & Wouter, 2007). Public administration is an indispensable part of social operation, not only in economic construction, public health and environmental protection, but also in cultural education (Duffy, 2001; Funk & Bruun, 2007), maintaining social order and other aspects.

The level of public administration directly determines the effectiveness of management (Marr, Gupta, Pike & Roos, 2003), and the level of public administration depends on the teaching and human resource cultivation in major of public administration (Denhardt, 2001; Jaramillo, Munier & Aniorté, 2017). The discipline of modern public administration in China develops relatively late (Rice, 2004). In the process of modernization of state governance, the quality of administrative professionals and the level of public administration directly affect the process of state governance modernization (Bolman & Deal, 2010). Therefore, the understanding of the current situation of China's public administration human resources and the improvement and development of the human resource training model have not only a major impact on the discipline construction, but also a profound impact on the process of state governance modernization.

Current situation of teaching and human resource cultivation in major of public administration in China

China's modern administrative professionals training started relatively late (Hoy & Miskel, 1987), and with the advancement of the state governance modernization, the shortage of highly qualified administrative professionals has become increasingly apparent (Harris, Kacmar, Zivnuska & Shaw, 2007), prompting a large number of colleges and universities to offer major of public administration. On the one hand, it alleviates the shortage of human resources in the process of China's governance modernization. On the other hand, too many colleges and universities offering major of public administration and the human resources cultivated are on various educational levels also aggravates the conflicts in social development of China.

Method of study

Literature research method is a commonly used indirect research method. Referring to existing relevant research data provides convenience for our research, so as to avoid repeated studies and improve the quality of research. In this paper, the author summarizes the current situation of the cultivation of administrative professionals in China by referring to relevant literature and materials.

Current situation of teaching and human resource cultivation in major of public administration in China

It is rather utilitarian According to the statistics of the Ministry of Education on the major of public administration offered by various colleges and universities of China, such a major offered by most colleges and universities tend to cultivate human resources for the Party and government organizations. The utilitarianization has led to a series of problems - not only the administrative professionals cultivated are on different levels, but also a large number of graduates are deadlocked in finding a suitable job. Figure 2 below shows a survey of the employment situation of recent graduates in the major of public administration.

According to the analysis of the employment survey report of graduates in Jiangsu Province in 2017, it is found that less than 20% of graduates in the major of public administration can be employed by the Party and government organizations and social groups, and the high rate of continuing education and going abroad and the nearly 10% of graduates are unemployed also reflect that graduates face many problems and difficulties in choosing jobs. …

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