Adoption of Integrated Library Management Software (Newgeblib): The Experience of Kano University of Science and Technology Library,wudil,kano State

By Farouq, Binta L.; Olatunji, Olabisi et al. | Library Philosophy and Practice, November 2018 | Go to article overview

Adoption of Integrated Library Management Software (Newgeblib): The Experience of Kano University of Science and Technology Library,wudil,kano State


Farouq, Binta L., Olatunji, Olabisi, Idris, Mustapha, Library Philosophy and Practice


INTRODUCTION

The pursuit for excellence in all aspects of a university educational system made it imperative for universities around the world to rise up to their responsibilities. If a librarian is to deliver prompt and adequate services to the clients, he/she must adapt to the changing environment and the use of current software to manage library routine activities. Information and communication technology (ICT) brought a lot of challenging issues to all facets of the university system and the library is not an exemption.

According to the fifth law of Ranganathan which says "Library is a growing organism", it is expected of a library to grow in all facets. The ancient methods of maintaining this assumption is no longer dynamic and efficient. For expeditious retrieval and dissemination of information and better service for the clientele, application of modern techniques has become absolutely indispensable. This assertion brought about the need for automating the library services. According to Hazarika (2017) Library automation is the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in library operations and services. Bhardwaj and Sukla (2000) library automation is generic term used to denote the various activities with an improving quality of products and services of library and information centers. It enhances the speed, productivity, adequacy and efficiency of the library professional staff and save the manpower to avoid some routine, repetitive and clerical tasks such as filing, sorting, typing, duplication checking etc. Automating a library is a unique decision that makes the library activities easy for prompt service delivery to the users. Every client expects quick response to requests as well as easy access to information.

Automating a library is beyond having a running Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) that assist users in searching for information materials available in the library. Automation should be a holistic concept and in doing this there is a need for having a fully integrated library system that will have modules for the various library services.

An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system (LMS), is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed. An ILS usually comprises a relational database, software to interact with that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most integrated library separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, each of them integrated with a unified interface. Muller (2011) stated that "integrated library systems (ILS) are multifunction, adaptable software applications that allow libraries to manage, catalog and circulate their materials to patrons". In choosing ILS software, libraries must base their decision not only on the performance and efficiency of the system, but also on its fundamental flexibility to readily adapt to the future demands and needs of their patrons. There are different types of integrated library software used by libraries in Nigeria. Experience has shown that very many libraries in Nigeria run into one problem or the other due to the wrong choice of library software. Obajemu, Osagie, Akinade, and Ekere (2013) stated that "some of the first generation universities in Nigeria started with TINLIB software but they could not continue due to some technical difficulties, maintenance problem, poor revision policy and the prohibitive cost of processing and maintaining it".

Integrated Library Software can either be Proprietory (source codes are not free) or Open Source (source codes are free) but the study will focus on open source since NewGenLib is an example of open source software.

Open-source is software that is both free software and open source. It is liberally licensed to grant users the right to use, copy, study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code rather than its cost. …

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