Comparison Study Blended Learning and Conventional Learning in Improving Students' Cognitive in the Fitness Element

By Al Qudah, Amjad Hassan; Rashid, Salleh Abd et al. | Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, January 1, 2018 | Go to article overview

Comparison Study Blended Learning and Conventional Learning in Improving Students' Cognitive in the Fitness Element


Al Qudah, Amjad Hassan, Rashid, Salleh Abd, Iffah, Dara, Al Ani, Naseer Akram, Journal of Entrepreneurship Education


INTRODUCTION

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is widely seen as a motor of fostering 21st century skills in nearly all education-related fields, especially schools (Kretschmann, 2015). ICT has not only become ubiquitous in todays' children's and adolescents' daily lives, it has even been adopted by nearly all school subjects in the meantime at least within academic discussion and debate (Webb & Cox, 2004). School students are surely so-called "digital natives" (Prensky, 2001), being used to deal with ICT as part of their lifestyle and even expecting it to serve as a surrounding resource throughout their educational and professional career (Prensky, 2008). Moreover, with the rapid development of economy and ICT, modern ICT has been entering the field of sports. At present the international and domestic sports competition organization and management, relevant supporting athletes training, sports specific equipment research and development facilities, sports information network construction and development of sports utility software applications are indispensable (Can et al., 2011).

The value of sports is very high and it is having very much influence worldwide to bring peace and friendship with each country. Because of the value of sports publicity has increased more it has spread very much fast to all over the world. The field of Physical Education (PE) and sports can make a significant contribution to the role that technologies play in our lives by carefully considering the benefits and liabilities of new information technologies on the whole person, body as well as mind. Nowadays in schools, colleges and other institutions, students are given more organized and disciplined education through ICT and computers, because it is more authentic innovation and convincing. A variety of programs are available which help in trackgrading, conducting health assessment, monitoring research projects, and analyzing sports performances (Ramesch, 2016). In this era of globalization, Power point presentations, videos, YouTube and Animation have become much more effective and useful in teaching. However, in Jordan, the usage of ICT in education became the main issues that are raised by King Abdallah II of Jordan through establishing Jordan Education Initiative in 2003. This organization promotes the new education system by integrating ICT in education. Linking the initiative to other educational initiatives affected the idea in improving the electronic cognitive learning, and developing the current educational methods by training the teachers on using the ICT in the way to reach for the global standards. The ICT innovation has been implemented in Mathematics course, the system has also continued to other courses such as Arabic, Science, etc. (Banat, 2010).

In order to make a human live a healthy and vibrant life, the modern societies paid increasing attention to PE. Concerning the PE is also to make a human is more capable in facing the requirements and challenges of the life as well as increase self-confidence. Alsaqqa (2007) emphasized the PE and sport player seeks to achieve personal success and self-esteem by joining a sport's team and then reaching a notable place among the group, distinction and fame. Besides, Ministry of Education in Jordan focused on applying the Blended Learning (BL) in PE in school to give the students chances to enjoy the sport participation which could be as a corner stone in building and preparing the future generation. Altlafeh (2013) defined BL is the use of modern technology into teaching-learning process by blending goals, contents, resources, and methods into the Conventional Learning (CL), while CL refers to a teaching method involving instructors and the students interacting in a face-to-face manner in the classroom (Stacey, 2007). However, the PE is a process, targeting an improvement, and it perfects growth of the students at all aspects: physical, mental, and psychological in a way, which ensure a balanced character (AlSaidi, 2015). …

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